The electro-oculogram as an aid in the diagnosis of uveal melanoma
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The electro-oculogram (EOG) in the 64 patients with a melanoma of the choroid or ciliary body was compared to the EOG in 11 patients with choroidal metastasis, 11 patients with choroidal naevi and 27 patients with a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Using the Dt and the Lp/Dt-ratio, 87.5% of the melanomas could be diagnosed correctly whereas choroidal naevus and retinal detachment were diagnosed correctly in 72.7% and 70.4% of the cases respectively. Choroidal metastases never were classified correctly. Accompanying retinal detachment, tumour volume or a break through Bruch's membrane had no influence on the EOG in the melanoma patients. An important advantage of the method is that it can be used irrespective of the condition of the other eye. Combined with ophthalmoscopy, ultrasonography and fluorescein-angiography the EOG can be an additional aid in the differential diagnosis of malignant melanoma of the choroid and ciliary body.
Key wordsuveal melanoma choroidal metastasis choroidal naevus retinal detachment electro-oculography
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