Growth and organogenesis in moth bean callus cultures as influenced by triazole growth regulators and gibberellic acid

  • N. Sankhla
  • T. D. Davis
  • H. S. Gehlot
  • A. Upadhyaya
  • A. Sankhla
  • D. Sankhla
Article

Abstract

The triazole plant growth regulators, paclobutrazol and uniconazole, reduced in vitro growth of moth bean callus by 20–25% when added to the culture medium at 1 mg/L (3.4 μM). The addition of 10 mg/L (29 μM) gibberellic acid (GA3) to the culture medium in combination with the triazoles restored callus growth to a level equivalent to that of the untreated control. GA3 alone had little effect on callus growth. When added to a regeneration medium at 1 mg/L both paclobutrazol and uniconazole reduced the percentage of cultures that formed roots, as well as the mean number of roots per culture. In contrast, GA3 increased root formation and counteracted the inhibitory effects of the triazoles on rooting. The addition of triazoles or GA3 to the regeneration medium reduced the formation of green meristematic nodules, which are precursors of shoots in moth bean callus. When callus was grown in the presence of either paclobutrazol or uniconazole, subsequent root and green meristematic nodule formation were reduced upon transfer to a growth regulator-free regeneration medium. The results of this study indicate that exposure of moth bean callus tissue to micromolar concentrations of triazoles or GA3 can significantly alter in vitro growth and differentiation.

Keywords

Triazole Gibberellic Acid Root Formation Callus Growth Paclobutrazol 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Sankhla
    • 1
  • T. D. Davis
    • 1
  • H. S. Gehlot
    • 1
  • A. Upadhyaya
    • 1
  • A. Sankhla
    • 1
  • D. Sankhla
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of JodhpurJodhpurIndia

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