, Volume 35, Issue 7–8, pp 410–418 | Cite as

Reference standards for quantitative trace analysis of PCB's by GC. Technical PCB formulations for the calibration of ECD and MSD responses

  • J. Krupcík
  • A. Kocan
  • J. Petrík
  • P. A. Leclercq
  • K. Ballschmiter


The composition of any technical PCB formulation can be determined directly by analyzing the PCB sample by gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector (GC-FID), provided the relative molecular masses of the components are known. The responses of electron capture and selected-ion monitoring, mass-spectra detectors can then be calibrated for individual PCB congeners by correlation of the chromatographic patterns with those of concentrated PCB samples obtained by GC-FID. This procedure, which uses a given technical PCB formulation as a secondary reference standard mixture, is to be preferred over existing calibration methods, when results with ±10% errors are acceptable because commercial PCB formulations cover the whole range of chlorination products.

Key Words

Capillary gas chromatography Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) Quantitative analysis Detector response factors (FID, ECD, MS) 


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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Krupcík
    • 1
  • A. Kocan
    • 2
  • J. Petrík
    • 2
  • P. A. Leclercq
    • 3
  • K. Ballschmiter
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Analytical ChemistrySlovak Technical UniversityBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Institute of Preventive medicineBratislavaSlovakia
  3. 3.Department of Chemical Engineering, Laboratory of Instrumental AnalysisEindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Department of Analytical and Environmental ChemistryUniversity of UlmUlmGermany

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