The Northern Hemisphere ozone minimum in 1982–1983

  • H. T. Mantis
  • C. S. Zerefos
  • A. Baise
  • I. Ziomas
  • A. Kelessis


Analysis of total ozone measurements by stations using Dobson spectrophotometry shows that the five months from December 1982 through April 1983 was a period of anomalously low ozone over Northern Hemisphere extratropical latitudes. This interval coincides with the period of maximum stratospheric aerosol burden at midlatitude following the eruption of El Chichón. Both ozone and aerosol anomalies are the largest observed in the reference period 1963–1983 and the ozone minimum has therefore been attributed to the volcanic eruption.


Climate Change Waste Water Ozone Water Pollution Northern Hemisphere 
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Das Ozonminimum von 1982/1983 über der Nordhalbkugel


Die Analyse der Ozonmessungen von Stationen mit Dobson Photometer zeigt, daß die fünf Monate von Dezember 1982 bis April 1983 in den Außertropen der Nordhalbkugel von ungewöhnlich niedrigen Ozonkonzentrationen gekennzeichnet waren. Dieser Zeitraum fällt mit dem Maximum der stratosphärischen Aerosolbelastung in mittleren Breiten, der dem Ausbruch des El Chichón folgte, zusammen. Sowohl die Ozon- als auch die Aerosolanomalie ist die größte, bezogen auf die Referenzperiode 1963–1983 und das Ozonminimum wird daher dem Vulkanausbruch zugeschrieben.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. T. Mantis
    • 1
  • C. S. Zerefos
    • 2
  • A. Baise
    • 2
  • I. Ziomas
    • 2
  • A. Kelessis
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of MinnesotaMNUSA
  2. 2.Laboratory of Atmospheric Physics, Physics DepartmentUniversity of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

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