Plant and Soil

, Volume 78, Issue 1–2, pp 201–208 | Cite as

Seasonal fluctuations of the mineral concentration of alder (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.) from the field

  • C. Rodríguez-Barrueco
  • C. Miguel
  • P. Subramaniam
Article

Summary

The seasonal fluctuation of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Mo, and Co, in leaves, roots and nodules of 40–50 year oldAlnus glutinosa trees growing at four different locations along the banks of the Tormes river, in the province of Salamanca, was studied. Also, the evolution of the soil organic matter under the trees sampled was evaluated. The data obtained for the various nutrient elements in the three plant parts are statistically treated at the significance levels of 99–95 per cent, and some remarks as to the nutritional status of the European alder in respect to the nutrients and its contribution to soil nutrient-cycling are provided. A positive correlation was found between N−P, N−K, N−Mg, and N−Mo, in leaves, and between N−P, N−K, N−Fe, N−Mn, and N−Mo in root nodules. In roots only, no significance at any level was obtained between N and any of the elements analyzed.

Key words

Alnus glutinosa Frankia Nutrient cycling Seasonal fluctuation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Akkermans A D L and van Dijk C 1975 The formation and nitrogen-fixing activity of the root-nodules ofAlnus glutinosa under field conditions.In Symbotic N-Fixation in Plants. Ed. P S Nutman. IBP Vol. 7. Cambridge Univ. Press 511–520.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Andrew C S 1962 Influence of nutrition on nitrogen fixation and growth of legumes.In A review of nitrogen in the tropics with particular reference to pastures. Ed. Comm. Bur. Past. Field Crops Bull. 46, 130–146.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dawson J O and Funk D T 1981 Seasonal change in foliar nitrogen concentration ofAlnus glutinosa. Forest Sci. 27, 239–243.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Duque F 1970 Estudio quimico de suelo y especies pratenses de comunidades seminaturales de la provincia de Salamanca. Ph. D. Thesis. Univ. Salamanca. 476 p.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hughes D R, Gessel S P and Walker R B 1968 Red alder deficiency symptoms and fertilizer trials.In Biology of Alder. Ed. Trappe et al. USDA Forest Service. Portland, Or. 225–237.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Insley H, Boswell R C and Gardiner J B H 1981 Foliar macronutrients (N, P, K, Ca and Mg) in lime (Tilia spp.). II. Seasonal variation. Plant and Soil 61, 391–401.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Miller H G 1982 Nutrient cycling in alder. Report Int. Energy Agency. JAB-21, 54 p.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mun H T, Kim C M and Kim J H 1977 Distributions and cyclings of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in Korean alder and oak stands. Korean J. Bot. 20, 109–118.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ovington J D 1956 Decomposition of tree leaves. Forestry 29, 22–28.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pizelle G and Thiery G A 1977 Variations saisonnieres des activités nitrogénase et nitratereductase chez l'Aune glutineux (Alnus glutinosa L. Gaertn.). Physiol. Veg. 15, 333–342.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rodriguez-Barrueco C 1968 Elemental nitrogen as a starting point for protein synthesis in plants. Proc. VII Int. Symp. Agrochimica. Salamanca, 354–360.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Silvester W B 1974 Ecological and economic significance of the non-legume symbioses.In Proc. 1st Int. Symp. N-fixation. Ed. W E Newton and C J Nyman. Wash. Sta. Univ. Press. 489–506.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tarrant R F 1961 Stand development and soil fertility in a Douglas-fir-Red alder plantation. Forest Science 7, 238–246.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tarrant R F and Trappe J M 1971 The role ofAlnus in improving the forest environment. Plant and Soil Special Vol. 335–348.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Turner J, Cole D W and Gessel S P 1976 Mineral nutrient accumulation and cycling in a stand of red alder (Alnus rubra). J. Ecology 64, 965–974.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Uemura S 1971 Non-leguminous root-nodules in Japan. Plant and Soil Special Vol. 349–360.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Viro P J 1955 Investigations on forest litter. Metsätiet Tutkimuslait Julk. 45, 1–63.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wheeler C T, McLaughlin M E and Steele P 1981 A comparison of symbiotic nitrogen fixation in Scotland inAlnus glutinosa andAlnus rubra. Plant and Soil 61, 169–188.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yamaya K 1962 Relationship between properties of the “Hiba” (Thujopsis dolabrata var. Hondai MAKINO) forest soils and forest growth in the Tsugaru and Shimokita Penninsulas. Forest Soils of Japan 12, 155 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. Junk Publishers 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Rodríguez-Barrueco
    • 1
  • C. Miguel
    • 1
  • P. Subramaniam
    • 1
  1. 1.Unit of Nitrogen Fixation, Centro de Edafología y Biología AplicadaC.S.I.CSalamancaSpain

Personalised recommendations