Solar Physics

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 69–83 | Cite as

Simultaneous measurements of magnetic fields and brightness fields using a 4-image spectroheliograph

  • N. R. SheeleyJr
  • O. Engvold


The use of an auxiliary beamsplitter with the Kitt Peak 15-foot spectroheliograph permits spectroheliograms to be taken simultaneously in 4 identical images of the sun. By using two of these images for a Zeeman spectroheliogram, a third image for a Fei λ4071 spectroheliogram, and the fourth image for a 6107Å continuum spectroheliogram, simultaneous measurements of magnetic fields and brightness fields have been obtained. Within the limits of intensity variations imposed by doppler shifts and brightness fluctuations of the continuum, a quantitative relation does exist between the measured values of brightness and magnetic field strength of the photospheric network. For intensities measured +0.12 Å from the core of Fei λ4071, this relation is ln(1 +ΔI/I) = α¦B¦, whereB refers to the component of magnetic field normal to the solar surface,ΔI/I is the fractional excess of brightness of the magnetic regions relative to the brightness of non-magnetic regions, and α = (6±2)%/100 gauss.


Magnetic Field Field Strength Intensity Variation Quantitative Relation Magnetic Field Strength 
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Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. R. SheeleyJr
    • 1
  • O. Engvold
    • 2
  1. 1.Kitt Peak National ObservatoryTucsonUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Theoretical AstrophysicsOsloNorway

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