Chromatographia

, Volume 33, Issue 5–6, pp 261–266 | Cite as

Packed column supercritical fluid chromatography with light-scattering detection. II. Retention behaviour of squalane and glucose with mixed mobile phases

  • D. Upnmoor
  • G. Brunner
Originals

Summary

Evaporative light scattering detectors can be used to detect organic substances without chromophoric groups in packed column supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC). A detector of this type has been used to detect squalane and glucose after SFC with various packed columns and binary mobile phases. In this study, the amount of organic modifier in carbon dioxide/modifier mixtures was varied. The results give further insight into the mechanisms that influence retention behaviour in packed column separations with super- and subcritical mobile phases. Squalane is an ideal non-polar test solute which shows long retention times on non-polar columns while its elution can be accelerated by non-polar modifiers in carbon dioxide. Glucose is an extremely polar solute containing hydroxyl groups. Elution of this sugar can be improved with polar modifiers. Column packings with polar end groups lead to high capacity ratios and long retention times for glucose. Most columns used in this study contained silica-based packing materials. For purposes of comparison, a polymeric packing (HEMA RP-18) was also employed.

Key Words

Supercritical fluid chromatography Light-scattering detection Packed columns Polymeric packings Binary mobile phases 

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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Upnmoor
    • 1
  • G. Brunner
    • 1
  1. 1.Arbeitsbereich Verfahrenstechnik 2Technische Universität Hamburg-HarburgHamburg 90Germany

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