Rheumatology International

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 47–49 | Cite as

A follow-up study of pulmonary function in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome

  • M. Linstow
  • N. J. Kriegbaum
  • V. Backer
  • C. Ulrik
  • P. Oxholm


Twenty-seven patients (25 women, 2 men) with primary Sjögren's syndrome, previously reported to have reduced pulmonary diffusing capacities were reexamined in a 7-year follow-up in order to evaluate longitudinal alterations in pulmonary function. Primary Sjögren's syndrome was diagnosed according to the Copenhagen criteria. The present examination revealed normal and unchanged values for vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 s, maximal expiratory flow at 50% of expired vital capacity (MEF50), and diffusing capacity per liter alveolar volume. Total diffusing capacity (P<0.01) and MEF75 (P<0.05), were, however, significantly reduced compared with the predicted values, indicating pulmonary involvement primarily affecting the small airways. The longitudinal examination, furthermore, showed increasing values for total diffusing capacity (P<0.02), diffusing capacity per liter alveolar volume (P<0.001), and MEF75 (P<0.02), suggesting an improvement in lung status in the course of time. No correlation was found between MEF75 and diffusing capacities, nor between alterations in pulmonary function and complaints of dyspnoea, tiredness, cough, expectoration, tobacco smoking, or medical treatment with bromhexine, glucocorticosteroids, essential fatty acids, or nonsteroid antiinflammatory drugs.

Key words

Primary Sjögren's syndrome Pulmonary diffusion capacity Maximal expiratory flow Pulmonary interstitial disease 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Linstow
    • 1
  • N. J. Kriegbaum
    • 1
  • V. Backer
    • 1
  • C. Ulrik
    • 1
  • P. Oxholm
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Rheumatology TTA and Laboratory for Respiratory Physiology, Medical Department BRigshospitalet, State University HospitalCopenhagen NDenmark

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