On a sporeforming bacterium causing the swelling of cans containing cured ham
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An investigation has been carried out on a type of spoilage of canned cured ham which is characterised by a swelling of the cans, whilst at the same time there are no evident symptoms of a putrefactive decomposition of the contents of the can. From these contents a facultative aerobic, thermophilic, sporeforming rod was isolated. Earlier investigators, notablyJensen and collaborators had undoubtedly also encountered this organism in their studies. These authors attempted to explain the swelling of the cans by assuming that under certain conditions the fermentation of sugar by the bacterium was deviated from its normal course so that carbon dioxide is formed in considerable quantities.
In contrast hereto it has been shown that the bacterium in question is an actively denitrifying organism, and that the swelling of the cans is due to the formation of the gaseous products of denitrification, amongst which — next to carbon dioxide —nitrogen and nitrous oxide are always present and under certain conditions may prevail.
KeywordsOxide Nitrogen Sugar Dioxide Carbon Dioxide
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