Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 9, Issue 5–6, pp 439–452 | Cite as

Characterization of a pancreatic DNase from pyloric caeca of atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.)

  • Knut O. Strætkvern
  • Arnt J. Raae
  • Bernt T. Walther
Article
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

An alkaline deoxyribonuclease (DNase) from cod pancreatic tissue has been characterized. The enzyme is a DNase I type endonuclease and hydrolyzes effectively both native and denatured DNA. Monomeric actin inhibits the enzyme reaction. The enzyme obeys Michaelis-Menten kinetics and the apparent Km value for native linear duplex DNA is 33 µg/ml. The cod DNase opens supercoiled plasmid DNA, by introducing adjacent nicks in both strands, possibly separated by 5–10 nucleotides. DNA hydrolyzed by cod DNase functions as substrates both for DNA polymerase and ligase, and the nicks therefore contain 5′-phosphoryl and 3′-hydroxyl groups. Optimum concentrations of divalent cations are 5 mM Mg2+, 0.63 mM Mn2+ and 0.075 mM Ca2+. However, Ca2+ is apparently not essential for the enzymatic functions. The enzyme has a narrow temperature optimum at 42°C and is thermolabile above 50°C; however, Mn2+ shifts the optimum slightly to 45°C by causing increased temperature stability. The cod DNase reaction is inhibited by the DNA intercalating compounds actinomycin D and ethidium bromide. Histidine-modifying reagents such as tosyl phenylalanyl chloromethylketone and diethyl pyrocarbonate inhibit the enzyme activity, but the cod DNase is insensitive to disulfide-reducing agents.

Keywords

Gadus morhua L. pancreatic DNase I activators inhibitors substrates DNA modification thermal properties 

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Copyright information

© Kugler Publications bv 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Knut O. Strætkvern
    • 1
  • Arnt J. Raae
    • 1
  • Bernt T. Walther
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Marine Molecular BiologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway

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