, Volume 41, Issue 1–2, pp 75–83 | Cite as

Prediction of precision from signal and noise measurement in liquid chromatography: Mathematical relationship between integration domain and precision

  • Y. Hayashi
  • R. Matsuda


The precision of integration over noisy instrumental output for quantitative analysis is studied. A probability theory is developed to predict the relative standard deviation (RSD) of integration results over an integration domain from one-point integation (peak height measurement) to entire area integration in HPLC. Common integration modes of horizontal zero line and oblique zero line are taken into account, but no peak overlap is assumed. The question of the analytical superiority of peak height measurement or integration for quantitation is answered. In the HPLC apparatus used, the minimum RSD of measurements is found in the integration domain of ca. ±0.5 σ for analytes [peaks are approximated by the Gaussian signal of width, σ (standard deviation)]. The RSD of integration measurements is also shown to depend on the stochastic properties of back-ground noise (uncorrelated noise and correlated 1/f type noise). The theoretical conclusion is verified by Monte Carlo simulation and HPLC experiments for some aromatic compounds.

Key Words

Column liquid chromatography Limit of detection Precision Uncertainty prediction 


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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Hayashi
    • 1
  • R. Matsuda
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Health SciencesTokyoJapan

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