, Volume 37, Issue 7–8, pp 392–398 | Cite as

Trace-level monitoring of chloroanilines in environmental waters using on-line trace-enrichment and liquid chromatography with UV and electrochemical detection

  • V. Coquart
  • M. -C. Hennion


An on-line procedure is described for the trace-level determination of mono-, di- and methyl-chloroanilines in aqueous samples using selective preconcentration with a cation-exchanger and liquid chromatography with UV and electrochemical detection. Because direct percolation through a cation-exchanger has to be avoided owing to the high content of inorganic anions present in natural waters, a two-step on-line preconcentration was carried out: chloroanilines were first trapped on a precolumn packed with an apolar polymeric sorbent (PRP-1) in their neutral form. Then the PRP-1 precolumn was coupled in series with a second precolumn containing cation exchange material. The chloroanilines were removed from the first precolumn with 3 mL of deionised water: acetonitrile (3∶1) at pH 1 and retained by the cation exchange column. The contents of the cation exchange column were finally desorbed onto the analytical column and eluted with a water: acetonitrile gradient. The combination of selective trace enrichment and sensitive electrochemical detection allows the simultaneous determination of chloroanilines from 150 mL of river water samples with detection limits below 30 ng/l. Identification is confirmed by the selective preconcentration and the two detection modes.

Key Words

Column liquid chromatography On-line trace-enrichment Chloroanilines in water Electrochemical and UV detection 


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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Coquart
    • 1
  • M. -C. Hennion
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique (URA CNRS 437)Ecole Supérieure de Physique et Chimie Industrielles de ParisParis Cedex 05France

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