, Volume 30, Issue 9–10, pp 565–572 | Cite as

Graphitized carbon black: A unique adsorbent for gas chromatography and related techniques

  • F. Bruner
  • G. Crescentini
  • F. Mangani


The properties of graphitized carbon blacks which have been exploited in gas chromatography and related techniques, are reviewed together with some of the many applications accomplished in the last twenty years. Graphitized carbon blacks are non-specific, non-porous adsorbents, characterized by a high surface homogeneity. These adsorbents can therefore be used in gas-solid chromatography even for the elution of polar compounds, though gas-liquid-solid chromatography is the main field of application. In fact, by changing the type and amount of liquid modifier, highly selective and efficient (packed or capillary) columns, tailored for the separation of very complex mixtures, can be prepared. Graphitized carbon blacks also possess hydrophobic properties so that they can be efficiently used for the trapping and the preconcentration of organic compounds contained in air and water samples.

Key Words

Gas-chromatography Graphitized carbon black Sample trapping and concentration 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    D. M. Young, A. D. Crowell, “Physical Adsorption of Gases”, Butterworths, London, 1962, and references therein.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    S. Ross, J. P. Oliver, “On Physical Adsorption”, Interscience, New York, 1964 and references therein.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    G. Crescentini, F. Mangani, A. R. Mastrogiacomo, P. Palma, J. Chromatogr.392, 83 (1987).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    A. V. Kiselev, Y. I. Yashin, “Gas Adsorption Chromatography”, Plenum Press, New York, 1969 and references therein.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    I. Halasz, G. Hovart, Anal. Chem.34, 409 (1969).Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    C. Vidal Madjar, G. Ganasia, G. Guiochon, “Gas Chromatography 1970”,R. Stock (Editor), Institute of Petroleum London, 1971, p. 20.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    B. Millard, E. G. Caswell, E. E. Leger, D. R. Mills, J. Phys. Chem.59, 976 (1955).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    A. Di Corcia, F. Bruner, Anal. Chem.43, 1634 (1971).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    W. R. Betz, W. R. Supina, J. Chromatogr.471, 105 (1989).Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    R. A. Beebe, D. M. Young, J. Phys. Chem.58, 93 (1954).Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    A. V. Kiselev, Y. I. Yashin, “Gas Adsorption Chromatography”, Plenum Press, New York, 1969, p. 128.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    F. Bruner, G. Canulli, A. Di Corcia, A. Liberti Nature231, 175(1971).Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    F. Bruner, P. Ciccioli, A. Di Corcia, Anal. Chem.44, 849 (1972).Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    A. Di Corcia, D. Fritz, F. Bruner, Anal. Chem.42, 1500 (1970).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    F. Bruner, A. Liberti, M. Possanzini, I. Allegrini, Anal. Chem.44, 2070 (1972).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    J. H. Purnell, “Gas Chromatography”, Wiley, New York, 1972, p. 376.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    F. Bruner, P. Ciccioli, G. Crescentini, M. T. Pistolesi, Anal. Chem.45, 1851 (1973).Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    F. Bruner, G. Bertoni, P. Ciccioli, J. Chromatogr.120, 307 (1976).Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    F. Mangani, F. Bruner, J. Chromatogr.289, 85 (1984).Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    G. Crescentini, Doctorate Thesis in Analytical Chemistry, University of Rome, 1972.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    F. Bruner, G. Crescentini, F. Mangani, Pure & Appl. Chem.61, 1997 (1989).Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    A. Di Corcia, A. Liberti, Trans. Faraday Soc.66, 967 (1970) and citation therein.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    A. Di Corcia, R. Samperi, Anal. Chem.47, 1853 (1975).Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    F. Bruner, P. Ciccioli, F. Di Nardo, Anal. Chem.47, 141 (1975).Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    G. Crescentini, F. Bruner, Ann. Chim.68, 343 (1978).Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    F. Bruner, G. Bertoni, G. Crescentini, J. Chromatogr.167, 399 (1978).Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    Supelco Catalog no. 27, Bellefonte, PA, USA, 1989.Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    F. Bruner, G. Crescentini, F. Mangani, P. Palma, M. Xiang, J. Chromatogr.399, 87 (1987).Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    F. Bruner, G. Crescentini, F. Mangani, L. Lattanzi, J. Chromatogr.473, 93 (1989).Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    J. C. Giddings, Anal. Chem.36, 1170 (1964).Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    P. Ciccioli, G. Bertoni, E. Brancaleoni, R. Fratarcangeli, F. Bruner, J. Chromatogr.126, 757 (1976).Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    F. Mangani, A. R. Mastrogiacomo, O. Marras, Chromatographia15, 712 (1982).Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    G. Crescentini, F. Mangani, A. R. Mastrogiacomo, A Cappiello, F. Bruner, J. Chromatogr.280, 146 (1983).Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    M. Maione, G. Crescentini, F. Mangani, F. Brune, Paper presented at the “First Italian Meeting on the Antarctic Project: Enviromental Impact and Chemical Methodologies”, Rome, June 8–9, 1990.Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    “Montreal Protocol on Substance that deplete the Ozone Layer; Final Act”. United Nations Environment Programme-Montreal, Canada, Sept. 16, 1987.Google Scholar
  36. [36]
    F. Mangani, G. Crescentini, F. Bruner, Anal. Chem.53, 1672 (1981).Google Scholar
  37. [37]
    F. Mangani, G. Crescentini, P. Palma, F. Bruner, J. Chromatogr.,452, 527 (1988).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Bruner
    • 1
  • G. Crescentini
    • 1
  • F. Mangani
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto di Scienze ChimicheUniversità di UrbinoUrbinoItaly

Personalised recommendations