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Veterinary Science Communications

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 265–276 | Cite as

Amyloidosis in the bovine kidney

  • E. Gruys
European Community Preview Article

Abstract

After a survey of the most important literature on amyloidosis the results of the authors own studies on amyloidosis in the bovine kidney are reported. The macroscopical and microscopical features of the various types of bovine renal amyloidosis are described. In most cases predominantly medullary depositions occurred (types A, B, C and D). In a series of over 1000 cases only six kidneys with glomerular amyloid were found (type E). All these, however, contained some medullary amyloid as well. It is questionable whether the different types of kidney lesions contain different forms of amyloid or represent variants of the same disorder. Clinico-pathological studies may solve this problem.

Medullary amyloid may be a subclinical disease. In clinically normal slaughter cattle it occurred in 2.7% of 1326 animals. In clinically normal dairy cattle (including young animals) it occurred in 2.6% of 378 animals and the incidence appeared to increase with age. In the medullary amyloid deposits different amyloid-containing cell types were found. The intracellular amyloid was arranged in parallel fibrils and was localized in lysosomes. Induced phagocytosis of bovine amyloid by rat macrophages appeared to result in similar vacuoles, indicating that phagocytosis may occur in the bovine cells. In the literature parallel intralysosomal amyloid has been interpreted as formation of amyloid in these vacuoles.

An attempt is made to elucidate the pathogenesis of amyloidosis.

Keywords

Amyloidosis Renal Amyloidosis Bovine Kidney Bovine Cell Slaughter Cattle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Kurzfassung

Nach der Beschreibung der wichtigsten Literaturangaben von Amyloidose werden die eigene Befunde von Amyloidose der Niere des Rindes besprochen. Die makroskopischen und mikroskopischen Eigenschaften der Nierenamyloidose des Rindes werden beschrieben. In den meisten Fällen gab es vor allem medulläre Ablagerungen (Typ A, B, C, und D). Bei über 1000 untersuchten Rindernieren wurden nur 6 Nieren mit hauptsächlich glomerulärem Amyloid gefunden (Typ E). Dieser Typ enthielt ausserdem ein wenig medulläres Amyloid in allen Fällen. Es ist die Frage, ob die verschiedenen Typen von Nierenlaesionen verschiedene Amyloidformen enthalten oder Varianten der selben Krankheit sind. Klinisch-pathologische Untersuchungen müssen diese Frage zu lösen versuchen.

Medulläres Amyloid könnte eine subklinische Krankheit darstellen: Bei klinisch gesunden Schlachtrindern kam es in 2.7% von 1326 Tieren vor. Bei klinisch gesundem Milchvieh (einschliesslich Jungvieh) kam es in 2.6% von 378 Tieren vor, wobei mit steigendem Alter eine Zunahme gefunden wurde.

Bei den medullären Amyloidablagerungen wurden mehrere amyloid-enthaltende Zelltypen gefunden. Das intrazelluläre Amyloid zeigte eine paralle Anordnung der Fibrillen und war lokalisiert in Lysosomen. Bei durch Injektion von Rinderamyloid bei Ratten induzierte Phagocytose zeigten sich die gleichen Vakuolen. Dieser Befund weist darauf hin dass Phagozytose auch bei Rindern eine Möglichkeit sein kann. In der Literatur wird paralleles intralysosomales Amyloid als örtlich entstanden erklärt. Schliesslich werden einige Untersuchungsrichtungen gezeigt, die möglicherweise zur pathogenese der Amyloidose führen könnten.

Resume

Après avoir résumé les points les plus importants de l'amyloidose relevés dans la littérature, l'auteur présente le résultat de ses observations. Il décrit l'aspect macroscopique et microscopique de l'amyloidose rénale des bovins. Dans la plupart des cas prédominent les dépôts médullaires (types A, B, C, D). Sur 1000 cas, il a trouvé 6 reins avec dépôts glomérulaires (type E), et partiellement médullaires.

Une question se pose: les différents types de lésions rénales contiennent-ils diverses substances amyloides ou bien répresententils des variants d'un même affection. Des recherches clinico-histopathologiques devraient pouvoir apporter une réponse.

L'amyloidose medullaire peut être une maladie sub-clinique. 2,7% de cas ont été décelés sur 1326 bovins de boucherie cliniquement sains et 2,6% sur 378 vaches laitières (y compris les jeunes) cliniquement saines.

Les différents types de cellules contenant la substance amyloide existent dans les dépôts médullaires. La substance amyloide intracellulaire se présente en arrangements parallèles et est localisée dans les lysosomes. La phagocytose induits de la substance amyloide par les macrophages de Rat apparait sous la forme de vacuoles semblables, indiquant que la phagocytose peut se manifester dans les cellules bovines. Dans la littérature, la substance amyloid intra-lysosomale parailèle a été interpretée comme étant une formation de la substance amyloide de ces vacuoles.

L'auteur suggere finalement quelques recherches pour élucider la pathogénie de l'amyloidose.

Riassunto

L'autore presenta il risultato delle sue osservazioni dopo aver riassunto i punti piu importanti dell'amiloidosi riportati in litteratura. Descrive sia l'aspetto macroscopico che microscopico dell'amiloidosi. Nella maggior parte dei casi precominano i depositi midollari (tipi A, B, C, D). Su 1.000 casi, ha trovato sei reni con depositi glomerulari (tipo E) e parzialmente midollari. Si pone la domanda se i diversi tipi di lesioni renali contangano sostanze amiloidi diverse, oppure se rappresentano dell varianti di una stessa affezione. Ricerche clinico-isopatologiche dovrebbero poter dare una risposta.

L'amiloidosi midollare puo essere una malattia sub-clinica: il 2,7% dei casi e stato rilevato su 1.326 bovini da macello clinicamente sani, e su 378 vacche da latte clinicamente sane (ivi comprese le giovani), il tasso rilevato e del 2,6%. Nei depositi amilodali midollari si sono trovato vari tipi cellulari contenenti l'amiloide.

L'amiloide intracellulare, che si localizza nei lisosomi, si presenta in strutture parallele. La fagocitosi della sostanza amiloide indotta dae microfaghi di ratto compare sotto forma di vacuoli simili, indicando che la fagocitosi puo manifestarsi nelle cellule bovine. In litterature, la sostanza amiloidale intralysomale parallela e stata interpretata come una formazione di sostanza amiloidale in questi vacuoli. Infine, l'autore suggerisce di fare alcune ricerche per chiarire la patogenesi dell'amiloidosi.

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Copyright information

© Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Gruys
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Veterinary PathologyState University UtrechtUtrecht(The Netherlands)

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