Effect of glyphosate on indole-3-acetic acid metabolism in tolerant and susceptible plants

  • T. T. Lee
  • T. Dumas


A comparison study was conducted on the effect of glyphosate (N-[phosphonomethyl]glycine) on indole-3-[2-14C]acetic acid (IAA) metabolism, ethylene production, and growth of 7-day-old seedlings of different plants. The plants tested were American germander (Teucrium canadense L.), soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.), pea (Pisum sativum L. cv. Alaska and Little marvel), mungbean (Vigna radiata L.), and buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench). A spray with 2 mM glyphosate affected IAA metabolism to a varied degree. The induced increase of IAA metabolism was greater in buckwheat, Alaska pea, and mungbean than soybean, Little marvel pea, and American germander. The increased IAA metabolism was correlated with the inhibition of growth and with the decrease of ethylene production.

The natural rate of IAA metabolism was markedly different among the plant species and cultivars tested and appeared to be related to the sensitivity of the plants to glyphosate. American germander and Little marvel pea with high rates of IAA metabolism were more tolerant to glyphosate than buckwheat and Alaska pea, which had low rates of IAA metabolism. Plants with a high natural rate of IAA metabolism were probably less dependent on IAA and thus less susceptible to glyphosate.


Glyphosate Ethylene Production Shikimate Pathway Tobacco Callus Butanol Fraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. T. Lee
    • 1
  • T. Dumas
    • 1
  1. 1.London Research Centre, Agriculture CanadaUniversity Sub Post OfficeLondonCanada

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