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Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 339–349 | Cite as

The cytochrome P450 system of atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): I. Basal properties and induction of P450 1A1 in liver of immature and mature fish

  • Anders Goksøyr
  • Håvard E. Larsen
Article

Abstract

The major components of the cytochrome P450 (P450) system in liver microsomes of Atlantic salmon were studied using spectrophotometric, catalytic and immunochemical techniques. In juvenile fish sampled during the winter season, high basal activities of 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) were found. The Km for 7-ethoxyresorufin was 0.4 µM, and Vmax 1.23 nmol/min/mg protein in juvenile fish. In mature fish sampled from the same group of fish in December, EROD activity was barely detectable (20–30 pmol/min/mg protein). Treatment with the P450 1A1 inducer β-naphthoflavone (BNF) resulted in almost 2-fold induction of total P450, and 30–40-fold induction of EROD activity in immature fish. A similar fold increase was seen in mature fish. The differences in EROD activity between untreated and BNF-treated fish, was accompanied by similar differences in a P450 1A1 cross-reacting protein (Mr=58,000 D) in immunochemical studies using rabbit anti-cod P450 1A1 IgG. However, judging from these studies, the levels of P450 1A1-protein in mature salmon far exceeded those accounted for by the measured EROD activity in comparison to immature fish (both before and after BNF-treatment), indicating inhibiting effects of sex steroids on the measured activity. This effect was not seen on 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase activity. A long-term storage experiment indicated that Atlantic salmon liver microsomes can be stored for 2 years at −80°C in 20% glycerol without losing more than 20–40% of its catalytic activity.

Keywords

cytochrome P450 induction isozymes β-naphthoflavone sex storage fish salmo salar 

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Copyright information

© Kugler Publications bv 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anders Goksøyr
    • 1
  • Håvard E. Larsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Marine Molecular BiologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway

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