Inflammation Research

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 83–88 | Cite as

Role of endogenous sulphydryls and neutrophil infiltration in the pathogenesis of gastric mucosal injury induced by piroxicam in rats

  • J. R. Avila
  • C. Alarcón de la Lastra
  • M. J. Martín
  • V. Motilva
  • I. Luque
  • D. Delgado
  • J. Esteban
  • J. Herrerias
Original Research Papers

Abstract

In the present report we studied the formation of severe gastric erosions produced in fasted rats by intragastric administration of piroxicam (PRX), an enolic acid-derived NSAID. The time course of gastric damage and the possible role of mucus secretion, endogenous sulphydryl compounds, changes of gastric vascular permeability and neutrophil infiltration in the development of PRX-induced gastric lesions were also investigated. PRX dose-dependently (1.25–20 mg/kg) caused acute gastric haemorrhagic erosion in the rat. The lesions increased with time until 9 hr after dosing. Mucus secretion did not change significantly with respect to the control group with 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg of PRX at different times (3 and 6 hours) of treatment. There was also no increase in the concentration of its components. In addition, oral pretreatment of the animals with PRX did not significantly change the amount of dye trapped in the stomach. In contrast, non-protein SH fraction was decreased after administration of PRX and MPO activity as an index of neutrophil infiltration was significantly increased. These results suggest that independently of the PRX dose, depletion of endogenous non-protein SH and neutrophil infiltration could play an important part in the pathogenesis of gastric mucosal injury induced by PRX.

Key words

NSAIDs Piroxicam Gastric ulcer Neutrophils Sulphydryl compounds 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Avila
    • 1
  • C. Alarcón de la Lastra
    • 1
  • M. J. Martín
    • 1
  • V. Motilva
    • 1
  • I. Luque
    • 1
  • D. Delgado
    • 1
  • J. Esteban
    • 1
  • J. Herrerias
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Farmacodinamia, Departamento de Farmacia y Tecnología FarmacéuticaFacultad de FarmaciaSevillaSpain

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