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Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 169–175 | Cite as

Congenital ventricular aneurysm and diverticulum in children

  • Kenji Hamaoka
  • Masamitsu Onaka
  • Takashi Tanaka
  • Zenshiro Onouchi
Article

Summary

Clinical profiles were analysed of 18 children with congenital ventricular aneurysm (CVA) and diverticulum (CVD) (nine with CVA and nine with CVD). Of 18 children, only six had any symptoms, consisting of chest discomfort, palpitation, or convulsion. Heart murmurs were heard in nine of the 18 children, and a nonspecific systolic ejection murmur in one. A systolic click was heard in only four children. Dyskinesia of an abnormal protrusion of the cardiac silhouette on the chest x-ray film was detected in only three. The ECG revealed abnormal findings in all children. In those with CVA, signs of myocardial damage or left axis deviation (LAD) and left bundle branch block (LBBB) were the main findings. Among those with CVD, multiple premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) were present in four; some signs of myocardial damage were present in three. None of those with CVD had LAD or LBBB. Among the four children with right ventricular diverticulum, multiple PVCs were present in three. The lesions were detected by two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) before angiography in 13 (72%) of 18 children. The wall kinetics of the lesions, as seen on 2DE, were in agreement with the subsequent angiographic findings.

Key words

Ventricular aneurysm Ventricular diverticulum Congenital Children Two-dimensional echocardiography 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenji Hamaoka
    • 1
  • Masamitsu Onaka
    • 1
  • Takashi Tanaka
    • 1
  • Zenshiro Onouchi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics and Department of Cardiovascular SurgeryFukui Cardiovascular CenterFukui
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsAichi Medical SchoolAichiJapan

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