, Volume 31, Issue 9–10, pp 453–456 | Cite as

A GC method for chlorinated pesticides and PCB's in mussels

  • M. Fernández Muíño
  • J. de la Montaña Miguelez
  • J. Simal Lozano


A multi-residue method for the determination of organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB's) in mussels (Mytilus sp.) is presented. After extraction with acetonitrile, pesticides and PCB's are separated from coextractives by liquid-liquid partition between acetonitrile and water/hexane. Further clean-up is performed using Sep-Pak Florisil cartridges eluting PCB's in the first eluate with hexane and organochlorine pesticides in the second eluate with 15% ethyl ether in hexane. Final determination is carried out by capillary gas chromatography with ECD. Detection limits for different pesticides and PCB's range from 0.02 to 0.3 μg kg−1 and recoveries from standards solutions treated in the same way as the samples averaged 91.5%.

Key Words

Gas chromatography Organochlorine pesticides Polychlorinated biphenyls Solid phase extraction Mussels 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    A. Boado, J. Simal, A. Charro, J. M. Creus, Anales de Bromatología,27 (1), 63 (1975).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    E. Huschenbeth, Arch. Fischereiwiss.28 (2–3), 173 (1977).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    H. Brunn, V. Stojanovich, R. Fleming, Fleischwirtschaft,61 (5), 804 (1981).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    C. Alzieu, Science et Pêcher, Bull. Inst. PêchesMarit.,309, 1 (1981).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    R. W. Risebrough, B. W. de Lappe, W. Walker II, B. R. T. Simoneit, J. Grimalt, J. Albaigés, J. A. García Regueiro, A. Ballester, M. Mariño, Mar. Polutt. Bull.,14 (5), 181 (1983).Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Y. Kato, H. Hosaka, Y. Yoshioka, M. Saeki, Chiba-ken Eisei Kenkyusho Kenkyu Hokoku,7, 49 (1983).Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    D. R. Green, J. K. Stull, T. C. Heesen, Mar. Polutt. Bull.,17(7), 324 (1986).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    T. M. Tavares, V. C. Rocha, C. Porte, D. Barceló, J. Albaigés, Mar. Polutt. Bull.,19, 575 (1988).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    B. L. Bayne, Water Sci. Technol.,21 (10–11), 1089 (1989).Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    N. Smodlaka, M. Devescovi, I. Ivancic, Journ. Etud. Pollut. Mar. Mediterr.,5, 43 (1980).Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    M. Picer, N. Picer, Ocean. Sci. Eng.,8 (1), 63 (1983).Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    S. Fukushima, Osaka-Furitsu Koshu Eisei Kenkyusho Kenkyu Hokoku Shokuhim, Eisei hen,14, 29 (1983).Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    H. Steinwandter, Fresenius. Z. Anal. Chem.,322, 752 (1985).Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    B. A. Pedersen, G. M. Higgins, LC-GC,6 (11), 1016 (1985).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    B. A. Price, R. K. Welch, R. H. Scheel, L. A. Warren, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.,37, 1 (1986).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    H. Steinwandter, Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem.326, 139 (1987).Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    L. K. Marble, J. J. Delfino, American Laboratory,20 (11), 23 (1988).Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    J. E. Knoll, J. Chromatogr. Sci.,23, 422 (1985).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Fernández Muíño
    • 1
  • J. de la Montaña Miguelez
    • 1
  • J. Simal Lozano
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Química Analítica, Nutrición y Bromatología, Area de Nutrición y Bromatología, Facultad de FarmaciaUniversidad de Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain

Personalised recommendations