Nonrenewable Resources

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 46–59 | Cite as

Application of enhanced satellite-borne images to the relationships between fractures and mineralization in the nam Mae moei-nam Mae Ping area, northern Thailand

  • P. Charusiri
  • B. Charusiri
  • W. Pongsapich
  • R. Suwanwerakamtorn


The study area is located in the Chiang Mai, Tak, and Mae Hong Son provinces of northern Thailand. Digitally enhanced Landsat TM5 and SPOT images and data on economic minerals deposits were used in the investigation. High-pass filtering and principal component analyses were determined to be the most appropriate enhancement methods.

Space-borne image interpretation indicates two major faults: the north-trending Mae Hong Son and the northwest-trending Mae Ping. Both large-scale faults are inferred to be closely related to substantial, nearly parallel folds and thrusts. The four main sets of lineaments observed (north-south, northeast-southwest, northwest-southeast, and east-west) are considered to have an essential role in the occurrences of various mineral deposits. Mineral exploration has emphasized areas where several sets of lineaments cross-cut each other, since the possibility of finding concealed ore bodies or potential target areas is considered quite high. Some sets of lineaments probably control post-Triassic granitoid emplacements both directly and indirectly. Three major granitoid series are recognized in the study area: the Mae Lama (ca. 70 Ma), the Tae Song Yang (ca. 45 Ma), and the Mae Sariang (205–210 Ma) Granites. These peraluminous, S-type granites are closely related to tin, tungsten, and fluorite deposits. Fluorite, barite, manganese, and antimony deposits may be related to the northtrending lineaments. Stibnite deposits may be related to the northeast-trending lineaments. The tin/tungsten deposits are likely related to the east- and northwest-trending lineaments. Ovoid-shaped lineaments, found only at a few locations, are interpreted to indicate the granitoid emplacement and are thought to be important in the generation of concealed mineral deposits. We conclude that the existence of such lineaments is related to the post-Triassic abutment and collision of the Shan-Thai, Indochina, and Western Burma microcontinental blocks.

Key words

Enhanced satellite images Fractures Mineralization Granites Lineaments Northern Thailand 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baum, F., Von Braun, E., Hahn, L., Hess, A., Koch, K.E., Kruse G., Quarch, H., and Siebenhuner, M., 1970, On the geology of northern Thailand: Beihe fte zum, Geologischen Jahrbuch, Hannover, no. 102, 24 p.Google Scholar
  2. Beckinsale, R.D., Suensilpong, S., Nakapadungrat, S., and Walsh, J.N., 1979, Geochronology and geochemistry of granite magmatism in Thailand in relation to a plate tectonic model: Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 136, p. 529–540.Google Scholar
  3. Bunopas, S., and Vella, P., 1978, Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic structural evolution of northern Thailand, a plate tectonic model,in Nutalaya, P., ed., Proceedings of the Third Regional Conference on Geology and Mineral Resources of SE Asia, Bangkok, November 1978, p. 25–32.Google Scholar
  4. Carrere, V., 1990, Development of multiple source data for structural analysis at a regional scale. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 56, p. 587–595.Google Scholar
  5. Chamnongthai, M., and Sekthera, S., 1976, Semi-detailed geochemical exploration in Mae Sariang and Mae La Noi districts, Mae Hon Son; Unpublished open-file report., Economic Geology Division, Department of Mineral Resources, Bangkok, 42 p. [In Thai]Google Scholar
  6. Charusiri, P., 1989, Lithophile metallogenic epochs of Thailand—A geological and geochronological investigation: Department of Geological Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, Ph.D. thesis, 819 p.Google Scholar
  7. Charusiri, P., Clark, A.H., and Farrar, E., 1991, Geochronological and fluid-inclusion studies of the tin and tungsten mineralization of the Mae Lama-Tae Song Yang area, northern Thailand,in Proceedings of the Annual Technical Meeting 1989 and IGCP-246: Department of Geological Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Thailand p. 7–16.Google Scholar
  8. Charusiri, P., Pongsapich, W., and Khantaprab, C., 1990, Granite belts in Thailand-Evidences from40Ar/39Ar geochronology: Mineral Resources Gazette, v. 36, no. 1, p. 43–62 [In Thai]Google Scholar
  9. Charusiri, P., Pongsapich, W., Vedchakanchana, S., and Suwanwerakamtorn, R., 1992, Studies on the relationship between fractures and mineralization in the Nam Mae Moei and Nam Mae Ping Areas, Changwat Chiang Mai, Mae Hong Son, and Tak: A final report submitted to the Office of the National Research Council, Bangkok, Thailand, 99 p. [In Thai]Google Scholar
  10. Daorerk, V., Vivathananon, P., Hinthong, C., and Charusiri, P., in press, Some aspects of tectonic activity and seismicity in Thailand: Journal of the Geological Society of Thailand.Google Scholar
  11. Drury, S.A., 1987, Image interpretation in geology: Boston, Mass., U.S.A., Allen and Unwin, 252 p.Google Scholar
  12. Hahn, L., Koch, K.E., and Wittekindt, H., 1986, Outline of the geology and mineral potentials of Thailand: Geolo, Jb., B59, p. 3–39.Google Scholar
  13. Le Dain, A.Y., Tapponier, P., and Molnar, P., 1984, Active faulting and tectonics of Burma and surrounding regions: Jour. Geophys. Res., v. 89, p. 453–472.Google Scholar
  14. Polachan, S., and Sattayarak, N., 1989, Strike-slip tectonics and the development of Tertiary Basins in Thailand,in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Intermontane Basins-Geology and Resources: Chaing Mai University, Thailand, p. 243–253.Google Scholar
  15. Soole, K.P., and Mclennan, T.P.T., 1990, Lineament analysis for structural geology using NOAA, AVHRR and Thematic Mapper imagery,in Proceedings of the Regional Seminar on Remote Sensing Application for Geotectonic Mapping and Mineral Exploration: Tbilisi, USSR, 26 Sept–6 Oct 1990.Google Scholar
  16. Teggin, D.E., 1975, The granites of northern Thailand: Manchester, United Kingdom, University of Manchester, Ph.D. thesis, 177 p.Google Scholar
  17. Von Braun, E., Besang, C., Eberle, W., Krenger, H., Muller, P., and Wendt, I., 1975, Radiometric age determination of granites in northern Thailand,in Proceedings of the Seminar on Isotopic Datings: Committee for Coordination of Joint Prospecting for Mineral Resources of Asian Offshore Areas (CCOP), ESCAP, Bangkok, p. 101–124.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Oxford University Press 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Charusiri
    • 1
  • B. Charusiri
    • 2
  • W. Pongsapich
    • 1
  • R. Suwanwerakamtorn
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Geology, Faculty of ScienceChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Economic Geology DivisionDepartment of Mineral ResourcesBangkokThailand
  3. 3.National Research CouncilJatuchakThailand

Personalised recommendations