, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 989–992 | Cite as

Reversed-phase thin-layer chromatography of the rare earth elements

  • R. Kuroda
  • M. Adachi
  • K. Oguma


Partition chromatographic behaviour of the rare earth elements on C18 bonded silica reversed-phase material has been investigated by thin-layer chromatography in methanol — lactate media. The rare earth lactato complexes are distributed and fractionated on bonded silica layers without ion-interaction reagents. The concentration and pH of lactate solution, methanol concentration and temperature have effects on the migration and resolution of the rare earth elements. The partition system is particularly suited to separate adjacent rare earths of middle atomic weight groups, allowing the separation of gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium and thulium to be achieved by development to 18 cm distance.

Key Words

Thin-layer chromatography Reversed-phase chromatography Rare earth elements Bonded reversed-phase silica 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    S. Elchuk, R. M. Cassidy, Anal. Chem.,51, 1434 (1979).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    J. M. Hwang, J. S. Shih, Y. C. Yeh, S. C. Wu, Analyst,106, 869 (1981).Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    W. N. Wang, Y. J. Chen, M. T. Wu, Analyst,109, 281 (1984).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    A. Mazzucotelli, A. Dadone, R. Frache, F. Baffi, J. Chromatogr.,349, 137 (1985).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    A. Hirose, Y. Iwasaki, I. Iwata, K. Ueda, D. Ishii, HRC CC, J. High Resolut. Chromatogr./Chromatogr. Commun.,4, 530 (1981).Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    K. Yoshida, H. Haraguchi, Anal. Chem.,56, 2580 (1984).Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Y. Takata, Y. Arikawa, Bunseki Kagaku,24, 762 (1975).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    T. Hayakawa, M. Moriyasu, Y. Hashimoto, Bunseki Kagaku,32, 136 (1983).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    G. W. Zhao, S. Q. Luo, S. R. Yao, S. K. Yu, Bunseki Kagaku,31, 63 (1982).Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    G. J. Sevenich, J. S. Fritz, Anal. Chem.,55, 12 (1983).Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    W. Weuster, H. Specker, Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem.,304, 6 (1980).Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    W. Herrmann, W. Weuster, H. Specker, Fresenius' Z. Anal. Chem.,308, 462 (1981).Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    R. L. Smith, D. J. Pietrzyk, Anal. Chem.,56, 610 (1984).Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    C. H. Knight, R. M. Cassidy, B. M. Recoskie, L. W. Green, Anal. Chem.,56, 474 (1984).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    H.-J. Götze, D. Bialkowski, Fresenius' Z. Anal. Chem.,320, 370 (1985).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    H.-J. Götze, D. Bialkowski, Fresenius' Z. Anal. Chem.,323, 350 (1986).Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    R. M. Cassidy, S. Elchuk, N. L. Elliot, L. W. Green, C. H. Knight, B. M. Recoskie, Anal. Chem.,58, 1181 (1986).Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    D. J. Barkley, M. Blanchette, R. M. Cassidy, S. Elchuk, Anal. Chem.,58, 2222 (1986).Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    H. Specker, A. Hufnagel Fresenius' Z. Anal. Chem.,318, 198 (1984).Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    H. Specker, C. Pomp, Fresenius' Z. Anal. Chem.,322, 292 (1985).Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Z. F. Hsu, X. P. Jia, C. S. Hu, Talanta,33, 455 (1986).Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    K. Ishida, S. Ninomiya, Y. Takeda, K. Watanabe, J. Chromatogr.,351, 489 (1986).Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    K. Ishida, S. Ninomiya, M. Osawa, Fresenius' Z. Anal. Chem.,328, 228 (1987).Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    K. Oguma, R. Kuroda, Mikrochim. Acta [Wien], 1981 II, 57.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    J. C. Giddings, “Dynamics of Chromatography”, Part I, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1965, pp. 269, 284.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Kuroda
    • 1
  • M. Adachi
    • 1
  • K. Oguma
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of ChibaChibaJapan

Personalised recommendations