Nonrenewable Resources

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 249–259 | Cite as

The solid waste dilemma

  • James A. Russell
  • Ronald J. Hurdelbrink
Articles
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

In 1976, the U.S. Congress enacted the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) to further address the problem of increasing industrial and municipal waste. The main objectives of RCRA were to responsibly manage hazardous and solid waste and to procure materials made from recovered wastes. To fulfill these objectives, four main programs of waste management were developed. These programs were defined under Subtitle C, the Hazardous Waste Program; Subtitle D, the Solid Waste Program; Subtitle I, the Underground Storage Tank Program; and Subtitle J, the Medical Waste Program. Subtitle D illustrates the solid waste dilemma occurring in the United States. Under this program, states are encouraged to develop and implement their own waste management plans. These plans include the promotion of recycling solid wastes and the closing and upgrading of all environmentally unsound dumps.

Key Words

Solid waste waste management recycling 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Blumberg, L., and Gottlieb, R., 1989, War on waste: Island Press, p. 111.Google Scholar
  2. Glenn, J., 1992, The state of garbage in America: Biocycle, April, p. 46–55.Google Scholar
  3. More, A., 1990, Proposed Senate bill endangers interstate waste disposal patterns: Waste Age, October, p 36–37.Google Scholar
  4. National Solid Wastes Management Association, 1988, Special Report—Landfill capacity in the year 2000: 16 p.Google Scholar
  5. National Solid Wastes Management Association, 1990, Special Report—Recycling in the states: 1990 Review, 15 p.Google Scholar
  6. Thunder, C., and Ashley, D., 1990, Developing recycling markets and industries: National Conference of State Legislators, July, p. 13.Google Scholar
  7. U.S. Congress, 1970, National Materials Policy Act of 1970.Google Scholar
  8. U.S. Department of Energy, 1992, Annual energy review 1991: Energy Information Administration, DOE/EIA-0384(91), p. 209.Google Scholar
  9. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1988, Report to Congress: Solid waste disposal in the United States: Office of Solid Waste EPA/530 SW-088 011B, v. 11, Chap. 4.Google Scholar
  10. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1990, RCRA orientation manual, 1990 Ed: Office of Solid Waste, EPA/530 SW-90-036, p. 1–5.Google Scholar
  11. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1992, Characterization of municipal solid waste in the United States, 1992 update: Municipal and Industrial Solid Waste Division, Office of Solid Waste, EPA/530 R-92-019, 103 p.Google Scholar
  12. Waste Age, 1991, States increase recycling laws but shift focus from separation; September, p. 20.Google Scholar
  13. Waste Age, 1992, Energy from municipal waste: Picking up where recycling leaves off; November, p. 42.Google Scholar
  14. Winne, E., 1989, Mid-Atlantic: microcosm of U.S. in solid waste matter. Plastic Trends, v. 5, no. 4, p. 5–6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Association for Mathematical Geology 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • James A. Russell
    • 1
  • Ronald J. Hurdelbrink
    • 2
  1. 1.Golden
  2. 2.Evergreen

Personalised recommendations