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Hydrobiological Bulletin

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 159–165 | Cite as

Species richness of aquatic macrophyte communites in Central Canada

Article

Abstract

Aquatic macrophyte species richness (SR) was examined at 430 sites in the central Canadian region in relation to water body type, bottom substrate and 8 water chemistry parameters. SR was highest in rivers and lakes, intermediate in creeks, and lowest in ponds. The highest values occurred where granitic bedrock, highly organic substrates or sand predominated. SR was significantly inversely correlated in the study area as a whole with 7 of the water chemistry parameters; of these, total alkalinity was the most important. However, the relative importance of the respective parameters differed for various water body types. The relationship between SR and phosphorus was positive in ponds, but negative for all other water body types. Stepwise sultiple regression analysis identified phosphorus, total alkalinity and dissolved organic matter as important factors in ponds; sulphate, total alkalinity and chloride in lakes, and sulphate and phosphorus in lotic habitats. Log transformations improved the correlations for some variables. However, the water chemistry parameters examined accounted for less than half of the total variability in SR. Apparently SR depends on many different factors, including surface areaand bottom type, whose relative contributions vary with situation.

Keywords

aquatic macrophytes species richness water chemistry 

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Copyright information

© Netherlands Hydrobiological Society 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eva Pip
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of WinnipegWinnipegCanada

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