Hydrobiological Bulletin

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 159–165 | Cite as

Species richness of aquatic macrophyte communites in Central Canada



Aquatic macrophyte species richness (SR) was examined at 430 sites in the central Canadian region in relation to water body type, bottom substrate and 8 water chemistry parameters. SR was highest in rivers and lakes, intermediate in creeks, and lowest in ponds. The highest values occurred where granitic bedrock, highly organic substrates or sand predominated. SR was significantly inversely correlated in the study area as a whole with 7 of the water chemistry parameters; of these, total alkalinity was the most important. However, the relative importance of the respective parameters differed for various water body types. The relationship between SR and phosphorus was positive in ponds, but negative for all other water body types. Stepwise sultiple regression analysis identified phosphorus, total alkalinity and dissolved organic matter as important factors in ponds; sulphate, total alkalinity and chloride in lakes, and sulphate and phosphorus in lotic habitats. Log transformations improved the correlations for some variables. However, the water chemistry parameters examined accounted for less than half of the total variability in SR. Apparently SR depends on many different factors, including surface areaand bottom type, whose relative contributions vary with situation.


aquatic macrophytes species richness water chemistry 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. AMERICAN PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION 1971. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. Amer. Public Health Assoc., N. Y., 874 pp.Google Scholar
  2. DE LANGE, L. and J.C.J. VAN ZON, 1983. A system for the evaluation of aquatic biotopes based on the composition of the macrophytic vegetation. Biol. Conserv., 25: 273–284.Google Scholar
  3. DIAMOND, J.M., 1969. Avifaunal equilibria and species turnover rates on the Channell Islands of California. Proc. nat. Acad. Sci. (Wash.), 64: 57–63.Google Scholar
  4. FOREST, H.S., 1983a. Submersed macrophytes in the Finger Lakes as ecosystem indicators. Proc. 26th Conf. Great Lakes Res., Oswego, N.Y., p. 43 (Abstract only).Google Scholar
  5. FOREST, H.S., 1983b. Diversity of submersed macrophytes in glacial lakes of Europe and North America: relationship to water quality. Proc. 26th Conf. Great Lakes Res., Oswego, N.Y., p. 33 (Abstract only).Google Scholar
  6. FRASER, D. and J.K. MORTON, 1983. Aquatic plants in Lake Superior Provincial Park in relation to water chemistry. Can. Field-Nat., 97: 181–186.Google Scholar
  7. HELLQUIST, C.B., 1980. Correlations of alkalinity and the distribution ofPotamogeton in New England. Rhodora, 82: 331–344.Google Scholar
  8. KADONO, Y., 1982a. Occurrence of aquatic macrophytes in relation to pH, alkalinity, Ca++, Cl and conductivity. Jap. J. Ecol., 32: 39–44.Google Scholar
  9. KADONO, Y., 1982b. Distribution and habitat of JapanesePotamogeton. Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 95: 63–76.Google Scholar
  10. LASSEN, H.H., 1975. The diversity of freshwater snails in view of the equilibrium theory of island biogeography. Oecologia (Berl.), 19: 1–8.Google Scholar
  11. MACARTHUR, R.H. and E.O. WILSON, 1967. The theory of island biogeography. Princeton Univ. Press., 203 pp.Google Scholar
  12. MILLER, G.E. and H.M. DALE, 1979. Apparent differences in aquatic macrophyte floras of eight lakes in Muskoka District Ontario from 1953 to 1977. Can, Field-Nat., 93: 386–390.Google Scholar
  13. NORUSIS, M.J., 1986. SPSS/PC+. SPSS Inc., Chicago, III., 643 pp.Google Scholar
  14. PIP, E., 1979. Survey of the ecology of submerged aquatic macrophytes in central Canada. Aquat. Bot., 7: 339–357.Google Scholar
  15. PIP, E., 1980. Additions to Manitoba's aquatic macrophyte flora. Can. Field-Nat., 94: 86–88.Google Scholar
  16. PIP, E., 1984. Ecogeographical tolerance range variation in aquatic macrophytes. Hydrobiologia, 108: 37–48.Google Scholar
  17. PIP, E. The ecology ofPotamogeton species in central Canada. Hydrobiologia (in press).Google Scholar
  18. REYNOLDS, J.D. and S.C.P. REYNOLDS, 1975. Aquatic angiosperms of some British Columbia saline lakes. Syesis, 8: 291–295.Google Scholar
  19. SCHEFLER, W.C., 1980. Statistics for the biological sciences. Addison-Wesley Co., Reading, Mass., 230 pp.Google Scholar
  20. SEDDON, B., 1972. Aquatic macrophytes as limnological indicators. Freshwat. Biol., 2: 107–130.Google Scholar
  21. SOUTHWICK, C.H. and F.W. PINE, 1975. Abundance of submerged vascular vegetation in the Rhode River from 1966 to 1973. Chesapeake Sci., 16: 147–151.Google Scholar
  22. SPENCE, D.H.N., 1967. Factors controlling the distribution of freshwater macrophytes with particular reference to the lochs of scotland. J. Ecol., 55: 147–170.Google Scholar
  23. TALLING, J.F., 1951. The element of chance in pond populations. The Naturalist, Oct–Dec., 157–170.Google Scholar
  24. WIEGLEB, G., 1978. Untersuchungen über den Zusammenhang zwischen hydrochemischen Umweltfaktoren und Makrophyten-vegetation in stehenden Gewässern. Arch. Hydrobiol., 83: 443–484.Google Scholar
  25. WOLEK, J., 1981. Assessment of the possibility of exoornithochory of duckweeds (Lemnaceae) in the light of researches into the resistance of these plants to desiccation. Ekologia Polska, 29: 405–419.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Netherlands Hydrobiological Society 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eva Pip
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of WinnipegWinnipegCanada

Personalised recommendations