The climatonomy of a needle ice event: An experiment in simulation climatology

  • Sam I. Outcalt


Soil surface temperature, net radiation and surface heave are used to evaluate a computer simulation of a needle ice event at Vancouver, Canada. The simulation which includes fusion and soil water flow effects, provides a working example of asimulation-sensitivity experiment in climatology and therefore has implications which transcend the rather restricted subject of diurnal soil frost effects.


Waste Water Surface Temperature Soil Water Water Pollution Computer Simulation 
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Die Klimatonomie der Eisnadelbildung: Experimente mit einem klimatologischen Modell


Die Temperatur der Bodenoberfläche, die Strahlungsbilanz und die Bodenbewegung werden in einem Rechenmodell benützt, das die Eisnadelbildung in Vancouver, Kanada, simuliert. Das Modell, welches den Gefriervorgang und den Effekt der Wasserströmung im Boden einbezieht, stellt ein Beispiel eines Simulations- und Sensitivitätsexperiments in der Klimatologie dar, welches über die Belange des beschränkten Sachgebietes der Bodenfrosteffekte hinausgeht.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sam I. Outcalt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyThe University of MichiganAnn ArborU.S.A.

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