Motivation and Emotion

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 255–272 | Cite as

Envy and jealousy as discrete emotions: A taxometric analysis

  • Nick Haslam
  • Brian H. Bornstein
Regular Articles


Envy and jealousy may differ in kind or only by degree. In a study of emotion episodes recalled by 291 subjects, two forms of taxometric analysis were used to test between categorical and dimensional models of the two emotions. The two emotions yielded strong convergent evidence of discreteness, and commonly cooccurred. However, although subjects rated their episode to contain similar levels of “envy” and “jealousy,” both terms were equally correlated with the presence of envy features and neither term was correlated substantially with the presence of jealousy features. Implications ar drawn for the study of categorical distinctions between emotions, and for the relation between emotions and emotion terms.


Social Psychology Dimensional Model Categorical Distinction Discrete Emotion Convergent Evidence 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nick Haslam
    • 1
  • Brian H. Bornstein
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyNew School for Social ResearchNew York
  2. 2.Louisiana State UniversityUSA

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