Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 1–6 | Cite as

Helminthosis in goats in southern Tanzania: Investigations on epidemiology and control

  • R. J. Connor
  • A. P. Munyuku
  • E. Mackyao
  • R. W. Halliwell
Article

Summary

Investigations were conducted in naturally infected goats to determine the main epidemiological factors related to gastro-intestinal nematode infections in southern Tanzania with a view to making appropriate recommendations for control. Faecal worm egg counts rose during the single rainy season and then fell to remain low during the dry season. The beneficial effect of an anthelmintic treatment after the rains was demonstrated in weaner goats under traditional management and this should form the basis of rational control.

Keywords

Public Health Beneficial Effect Rainy Season Veterinary Medicine Controle 

Helminthoses Chez Les Chevres En Tanzanie Meridionale: Enquetes Sur l'Epidemiologie Et Le Controle

Résumé

On a mené des enquêtes en Tanzanie méridionale chez des chèvres naturellement infestées pour déterminer les principaux facteurs épidémiologiques en relation avec les infestations gastro-intestinales à nématodes. La numération des oeufs dans les fécès augmente pendant l'unique saison des pluies, puis diminue pour rester basse pendant la saison sèche. On a pu montrer l'effet bénéfique d'un traitement anthelmintique après les pluies chez des chevreaux au sevrage en exploitation traditionnelle; ceci devrait être la base d'un contrôle rationnel.

Helmintiasis En Cabras En El Sur De Tanzania: Investigacion Epidemiologica Y Control

Resumen

Se llevaron a cabo investigaciones en cabras infectadas naturalmente, para determinar los principales factores epidemiológicos relacionados con el parasitismo gastrointestinal causado por nematodos, en la parte sur de Tanzania y la manera de controlarlo. El conteo de huevos por gramo de heces subió durante una sola estación lluviosa y descendió durante la estación seca. El efecto benéfico de un tratamiento antihelmintico despues de las lluvias, fue evidente en cabras destetadas bajo manejo tradicional y esto deberia servir de base para el control racional de parásitos gastrointestinales.

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References

  1. Anon (1971). Manual of Veterinary Parasitological Laboratory Techniques. Technical Bulletin No. 18, MAFF Agricultural Development and Advisory Service. HMSO, London.Google Scholar
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  3. Connan, R. M. (1974). The spring rise in the faecal egg count. In:Helminth diseases in cattle, sheep and horses in Europe. (Eds G. M. Urquhart and J. Armour), McLehose, Glasgow, pp 36–41.Google Scholar
  4. Connor, R. J. (1987). Studies on the epidemiology and control of parasitic diseases in cattle and goats in southern Tanzania.Index to Theses 35 (2), 977–978.Google Scholar
  5. Connor, R. J. &Halliwell, R. W. (1983). Report on the Veterinary Investigation Centre, Naliendele, Mtwara. southern Tanzania. Project no. 12 UK/TZ Grant 77 (No. 2) ODA.Google Scholar
  6. ILCA (1979). Small ruminant production in the humid tropics. ILCA systems study 3. International Livestock Centre for Africa, Addis Ababa.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. J. Connor
    • 1
  • A. P. Munyuku
    • 1
  • E. Mackyao
    • 1
  • R. W. Halliwell
    • 1
  1. 1.Veterinary Investigation CentreMtwaraTanzania

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