Weather patterns in Southern West Pakistan

  • Rodman E. Snead
Article

Summary

Southern West Pakistan is an area of transition between the Indian summer monsoon system to the east and the winter cyclonic system of southwest Asia to the west. As a transition area, it receives scanty, unreliable rainfall averaging less than 10 in. (254 mm) per year from several storm types. Six main weather patterns cross the region: the large subtropical anticylonic high pressure cell which predominates most of the year; western depressions originating over the Mediterranean Sea; Arabian Sea cyclones; local thunderstorms and dust storms; a modified monsoon pattern; and eastern depressions originating over the Bay of Bengal or central India. A discussion of the physical and synoptic characteristics for each weather pattern and storm type is presented and summary charts of the weather patterns are included.

Keywords

Cyclone Dust Storm Indian Summer Monsoon Weather Pattern High Pressure Cell 

Zusammenfassung

Das südliche Westpakistan ist ein Übergangsgebiet zwischen dem indischen Sommermonsunsystem gegen Osten und dem winterlichen Zyklonalsystem von Südwestasien gegen Westen. Als Übergangsgebiet erhält es von einzelnen Stürmen nur geringen und unregelmäßigen Regen, der in der Jahressumme durchschnittlich weniger als 10 inches (254 mm) beträgt. Sechs verschiedene Wettersituationen durchqueren die Gegend: die ausgedehnte subtropische antizyklonale Hochdruckzelle, die während des größten Teils des Jahres vorherrscht; westliche Depressionen aus dem Mittelmeerraum; Zyklonen aus dem Arabischen Meer; lokale Gewitter und Staubstürme; eine modifizierte Monsunlage; sowie östliche Depressionen, die aus dem Golf von Bengalen oder aus Zentralindien stammen. Für jede dieser Wetterlagen und Sturmtypen werden die physikalischen und synoptischen Züge diskutiert und durch summarische Karten der Wettertypen dargestellt.

Résumé

Le sud du Pakistan occidental est une région de transition entre le système indou de la mousson d'été à l'est d'une part et le système des cyclones d'hiver de l'asie du sud-ouest à l'ouest d'autre part. Comme zone de transition, cette contrée ne reçoit que des précipitations faibles et irrégulières provenant de quelques ouragans, précipitations qui n'atteignent pas 10 pouces (254 mm) en moyenne annuelle. On distingue six types de temps dans cette région: La cellule anticyclonique subtropicale qui domine durant la plus grande partie de l'année; des dépressions venues de l'ouest, c'est à dire du bassin méditerranéen; des cyclones de la Mer d'Arabie; des orages locaux et des tempêtes de sable; uen situation de mousson modifiée; des dépressions venues de l'est, c'est à dire du Golfe du Bengale ou de l'Inde centrale. On discute pour chacune de ces situations les traits caractéristiques des points de vue physique et synoptique. On les représente en outre au moyen de cartes générales.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rodman E. Snead
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of GeographyClark UniversityWorcesterU. S. A.

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