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Environmentalist

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 25–29 | Cite as

Changes in spring activity: Experiences of Kumaun Himalaya, India

  • Anil K. Singh
  • Ravindra K. Pande
Papers

Summary

In Kumaun Himalaya, India, 60 percent of the rural population is dependent on natural springs for water supply. The authors claim that substantial reductions in spring water discharges are due to losses in the indigenous oak forest coverage and its partial replacement by pine. Other factors, such as overall forest cover depletion and construction activities, combine to produce severe reductions in spring discharge rates.

Keywords

India Water Supply Environmental Management Discharge Rate Nature Conservation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Champion, H.G. and Seth, S.K. 1968.A revised survey of forest types of India, pp.297–299. Govt. of India Pub., Delhi.Google Scholar
  2. Singh, A.K. and Rawat, D.S. 1985. Depletion of oak forests threatening springs: An explanatory survey.The National Geographical Journal of India,31(1), 44–48.Google Scholar
  3. Singh, J.S. and Singh, S.P. 1984. DST (Govt. of India) Research Project No. 1, p.20. Kumaun University, Nainital.Google Scholar
  4. Singh, S.P. 1981. Rural ecosystem and development in the Himalayas. In: Singh, J.S.et al. (eds.),Science and Rural Development in Mountains, p.82. Gyanodaya Prakashan, Nainital.Google Scholar
  5. Valdiya, K.S. 1985. Accelerated erosion and landslide prone zones in the Central Himalayan region. In: Singh, J.S. (ed.),Environmental Regeneration in Himalaya, p.12. CHEA, Gyanodaya Prakashan, Nainital.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science And Technology Letters 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anil K. Singh
    • 1
  • Ravindra K. Pande
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyKumaun University Campus, AlmoraU.P. HillsIndia

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