Environmentalist

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 301–309 | Cite as

Environmental damage — Environmental expenditure 1: Statistical evidence on the Federal Republic of Germany

  • Christian Leipert
  • Udo Ernst Simonis
Article

Summary

The conventional economic accounting systems have not played an enlightening role in statistically revealing the actual damage to the environment. They can, however, be methodologically improved; and they must be complemented by assessments of the ecological costs of the production process.

In this article statistical evidence is provided on the level and structure of environmental damage and protection expenditures in the Federal Republic of Germany,i.e. on the environmental damage itself and on the environmental protection investments by industry and government, the capital stock for environmental protection, the total costs of and expenditures for environmental protection.

Keywords

Environmental Management Environmental Protection Production Process Nature Conservation Capital Stock 

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Copyright information

© Science and Technology Letters 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Leipert
    • 1
  • Udo Ernst Simonis
    • 1
  1. 1.International Institute for Environment and SocietyBerlin 30Germany

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