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The American Journal of Digestive Diseases

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 17–22 | Cite as

Barium granuloma of the rectum

  • Stanley Weitzner
  • David H. Law
Original Articles

Abstract

Barium granuloma of the rectum is reviewed. Three additional patients are reported, one of whom had a concomitant rectal carcinoma. Barium granuloma of the rectum is a nonspecific ulcerative or polypoid lesion, the true nature of which may be recognized only after histopathologic examination. The age of the lesion is well correlated with microscopic findings. The acute phase occurs during the first week and, thereafter, a chronic inflammatory reaction with macrophages and foreign body giant cells ensues. The probable pathogenesis of rectal barium granuloma is laceration of the mucosa by the enema tip or proctoscope, or overdistension of the rectum by a Bardex balloon. Serial proctoscopic examination indicates apparent spontaneous healing of the lesion 3–6 weeks after biopsy.

Keywords

Public Health Carcinoma Barium Acute Phase Foreign Body 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Hoeber Medical Division • Harper & Row, Publishers, Incorporated 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanley Weitzner
    • 1
  • David H. Law
    • 1
  1. 1.From the Departments of Pathology and MedicineUniversity of New Mexico School of Medicine; and Veterans Administration HospitalAlbuquerque

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