Intravenous hyperalimentation in pediatrics
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Parenteral hyperalimentation has now found widespread acceptance and use in the treatment of severe nutritional failure in centers throughout the world. After more than 4 years of experience, the incidence of major complications from the procedure have been more clearly defined. Specific nutritional deficiencies are still being encountered, and it will be noted that many of the constituents in today's solutions have been modified from those described in the original reports. When using this form of therapy, it is certainly advisable to follow the latest developments in the investigative field.
When contemplating parenteral hyperalimentation, one must be aware of the underlying condition of the patient. The possibility of a correctable surgical condition responsible for the nutritional failure should always be considered. Parenteral hyperalimentation has made a significant contribution to the prevention and management of nutritional failure in patients who otherwise would have succumbed. However, the procedure carries well-defined risks which must be carefully considered before embarking on this form of therapy.
KeywordsPublic Health Significant Contribution Major Complication Nutritional Deficiency Underlying Condition
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