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Journal of Oceanography

, Volume 52, Issue 4, pp 509–537 | Cite as

A new scheme of nonlinear energy transfer among wind waves: RIAM method-algorithm and performance-

  • Kosei Komatsu
  • Akira Masuda
Article

Abstract

A numerical scheme for calculating the nonlinear energy transfer among wind waves (RIAM method) was developed on the basis of the rigorous method of Masuda. Then the performance of the RIAM method was examined by applying it to various forms of wind-wave spectra and different situations of wind-wave evolution, in comparison mainly with the WAM method. The computational time of the Masuda method was reduced by a factor of 300 by the RIAM method, which is still 2000 times slower than the WAM method simply because the RIAM method processes thousands of resonance configurations whereas the WAM method does only one. The RIAM method proves to give accurate results even for spectra of narrow band widths or bimodal spectra, whereas the WAM method often calculates an unrealistic magnitude and pattern of nonlinear energy transfer functions. In the duration-limited evolution of wind-wave spectra, the RIAM method yields a unimodal directional distribution on the low-frequency side of the spectral peak, whereas the WAM method produces a spurious bimodal one there. At higher frequencies, however, both methods give a bimodal directional distribution with two oblique maxima. The RIAM method enhances the growth of the total energy and peak period of wind waves in comparison with the WAM method. Nevertheless, Toba's constant of his 3/2-power law approaches almost the same standard value of 0.06 in both methods. For spectra of a narrow band width or for those perturbed by a small hump or depression, the RIAM method tends to recover the monotonic smoother form of spectrum whereas the WAM method often yields unrealistic humps or depressions.

Keywords

Depression Transfer Function Accurate Result Numerical Scheme Spectral Peak 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Journal of the Oceanographic Society of Japan 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kosei Komatsu
    • 1
  • Akira Masuda
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth System Science & Technology, Graduate School of Engineering SciencesKyushu UniversityKasugaJapan
  2. 2.Research Institute for Applied MechanicsKyushu UniversityKasugaJapan

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