Journal of Oceanography

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 75–82 | Cite as

Comparisons of deep-sea sediments and overlying water collected using Multiple Corer and Box Corer

  • Yoshihisa Shirayama
  • Tomohiko Fukushima


Sediments and overlying water collected using Multiple Corer (MC) and Box Corer (BC) at three stations in Suruga Bay were compared from the view points of meiobenthic and chemical characteristics. Dissolved oxygen, pH, ammonium and nitrite concentrations of the overlying waters were lower, whereas nitrate and phosphate concentrations were higher constantly in the samples collected by MC than those by BC, suggesting contamination of surface seawater in the BC samples. Sediments were sliced into 0–1, 1–2 and 2–3 cm layers, and water content and Eh, and abundance of meiofauna were analyzed. Water content in MC samples was always higher than BC ones. For the whole meiobenthos, MC collected significantly more individuals than BC at only one out of three stations, whereas for harpacticoid copepods, which aggregated to the surface layer of the sediment, MC constantly collected significantly more individuals than BC. In the vertical profiles of both water content and meiofaunal density, data of 0–1, and 1–2 cm layers in the BC samples were similar to those of 1–2 and 2–3 cm layers in the MC samples, respectively. These results suggested only MC can collect the real sediment surface (so called fluffy layer), which was lost due to bow wave effects in the BC samples.


Dissolve Oxygen Nitrite Sediment Surface Chemical Characteristic Vertical Profile 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Barnett, P. R. O., J. Watson and D. Connelly (1984): A multiple corer for taking virtually undisturbed samples from shelf, bathyal and abyssal sediments.Oceanol. Acta,7, 399–408.Google Scholar
  2. Bett, B. J., A. Vanreusel, M. Vincx, T. Soltwedel, O. Pfannkuche, P. J. D. Lambshead, A. J. Gooday, T. Ferrero and A. Dinet (1994): Sampler bias in the quantitative study of deep-sea meiobenthos.Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser.,104, 197–203.Google Scholar
  3. Blomqvist, S. (1991): Quantitative sampling of soft-bottom sediments: problems and solutions.Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser.,72, 295–304.Google Scholar
  4. Gooday, A. and C. M. Turley (1990): Responses by benthic organisms to inputs of organic material to the ocean floor: a review.Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond.,A331, 119–138.Google Scholar
  5. Hessler, R. R. and P. A. Jumars (1974): Abyssal community analysis from replicate box cores in the central North Pacific.Deep-Sea Res.,21, 185–209.Google Scholar
  6. Hicks, G. R. F. and B. C. Coull (1983): The ecology of marine meiobenthic copepods.Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev.,21, 67–175.Google Scholar
  7. Jumars, P. A. (1975a): Methods for measurement of community structure in deep-sea macrobenthos.Mar. Biol.,30, 245–252.Google Scholar
  8. Jumars, P. A. (1975b): Environmental grain and polychaete species' diversity in a bathyal benthic community.Mar. Biol.,30, 253–266.Google Scholar
  9. Libes, S. M. (1992):An Introduction to Marine Geochemistry. Wiley, New York, 734 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Meteorological Agency of Japan (1990):Manual for the Oceanographic Observation. Oceanographical Society of Japan, Tokyo, 428 pp. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  11. Shirayama, Y. and S. Kojima (1994): Abundance of deep-sea meiobenthos off Sanriku, Northeastern Japan.J. Oceanogr.,50, 109–117.Google Scholar
  12. Thiel, H., K. Lochte, A. J. Gooday, C. Hemleben, R. F. C. Mantoura, J. W. Patching, O. Pfannkuche, R. Riemann, G. Schriever and C. M. Turley (1988): Phytodetritus on the deep-sea floor in a central oceanic region of the northeast Atlantic.Biol. Oceanogr.,6, 203–239.Google Scholar
  13. Thistle, D. (1978): Harpacticoid dispersion patterns: implications for deep-sea diversity maintenance.J. Mar. Res.,36, 377–397.Google Scholar
  14. Thistle, D. (1980): The response of a harpacticoid copepod community to a small-scale natural disturbance.J. Mar. Res.,38, 381–395.Google Scholar
  15. Tietjen, J. (1992): Abundance and biomass of metazoan meiobenthos in the deep sea. p. 45–62. InDeep-Sea Food Chains and the Global Carbon Cycle, ed. by G. T. Rowe and V. Pariente, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Oceanographic Society of Japan 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshihisa Shirayama
    • 1
  • Tomohiko Fukushima
    • 2
  1. 1.Ocean Research InstituteUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Marine Biological Research Institute of Japan Co. Ltd.TokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations