Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 191–203 | Cite as

The successful use of work oxen in agricultural development of tsetse infested land in Ethiopia

  • David Bourn
  • Michael Scott


For the past five years a herd of work oxen, now numbering some 450 individuals, has been maintained under the protection of trypanocidal drugs on a settlement scheme in an area of western Ethiopia infested with tsetse. This paper describes the environmental conditions and the epizootiology of trypanosomiasis in the oxen and in the vector, Glossina morsitans. It is concluded that with the strategic use of drugs, oxen can be kept alive and perform useful agricultural work, in areas of high tsetse challenge, provided reasonable standards of veterinary supervision and management are maintained.


Public Health Veterinary Medicine Agricultural Development Agricultural Work Trypanosomiasis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Succes De L'Utilisation Des Boeufs De Travail Dans Le Developpement De L'Agriculture D'Une Region D'Ethiopie Infestee De Tse-Tse


Au cours des cinq dernières années, un troupeau de boeufs de travail, maintenant au nombre de quelque 450 têtes, a été maintenu sous protection de produits trypanocides à l'occasion d'un essai d'implantation du bétail dans une région de l'Ouest de l'Ethiopie infestée de tsé-tsé. Ce document traite des conditions de l'environnement, de l'épizootologie des trypanosomoses du bétail ainsi que du vecteur:Glossina morsitans. La conclusion est qu'avec l'utilisation des trypanocides, les boeufs peuvent vivre et donner les performances habituelles au niveau des travaux agricoles dans les zones à haute infestation glossinaire pourvu du'un encadrement vétérinaire et de gestion suffisant soit maintenu.

El Uso Exitoso De Bueyes En El Desarrollo Agricola De Tierras Infestadas De Tsetse En Etiopia


Se ha mantenido un número aproximado de 450 bueyes, bajo el efecto de drogas contra la tripanosomiasis (quimioprofiláxis), en una concentración rural bajo el flagelo de la mosca tsetse, en el oeste de Etiopía. Este trabajo describe las condiciones ambientales y epizootiológicas de la tripanosomiasis en bueyes y vectores (Glossina morsitans). Se concluye, que el uso estrátegico de drogas preventivas proteje a los bueyes en áreas infestadas por tsetse, siempre y cuando se mantenga una supervisión veterinaria y de manejo animal aceptable.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baker, J. R. (1970). Techniques for the detection of trypanosome infections. InThe African Trypanosomiases (ed. H. W. Mulligan), pp. 67–88. George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  2. Buxton, P. A. (1955). The natural history of tsetse flies,London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Memoire,10, 261–314. H. K. Lewis & Co. Ltd., London.Google Scholar
  3. FAO (1974). Programme for the control of African animal trypanosomiasis (AGA/TRYP/74/IE). FAO, Rome.Google Scholar
  4. FAO (1977). Insecticides and application equipment for tsetse control. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper 3.Google Scholar
  5. Fairclough, R. (1963).Veterinary Record,75, 855–858.Google Scholar
  6. Finelle, P. (1973). African animal trypanosomiasis.World Animal Review (FAO),8, 24–27.Google Scholar
  7. Folkers, C. (1966).Bulletin of Epizootic Diseases of Africa,14, 301–310.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Ford, J. (1970). Control by destruction of large fauna. InThe African Trypanosomiases (ed. H. W. Mulligan), pp. 557–563. George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  9. Ford, J. (1971).The Role of the African Trypanosomiases in African Ecology: A Study of the Tsetse Fly Problem. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Ford, J. &Blaser, E. (1971).Acta tropica,28 (2), 69–79.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Ford, J. &Leggate, B. M. (1961).Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene,55, 383–397.Google Scholar
  12. Ford, J., Makin, M. J. &Grimble, R. J. (1976).Trypanosomiasis Control Programme for Ethiopia. ODM, London.Google Scholar
  13. Ford, J., Nash, T. A. M. &Welch, J. R. (1970). Control by clearing of vegetation. InThe African Trypanosomiases (ed. H. W. Mulligan), pp. 543–556. George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  14. Glasgow, J. P. (1963).The Distribution and Abundance of Tsetse. Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  15. Glasgow, J. P. (1970). TheGlossina community. InThe African Trypanosomiases (ed. H. W. Mulligan), pp. 348–381. George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  16. Goble, F. C., Ferrell, B. &Steiglitz, A. R. (1959).Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology,53, 189–202.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Heyboer, A. (1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976). The Angar-Gutin Project. Cyclostyled Reports, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  18. van Hoeve, K. (1972). Report of a veterinary advisory visit to the Angar-Gutin Project, Wollega Province, Ethiopia. Typescript.Google Scholar
  19. Jackson, C. H. N. (1946).Bulletin of Entomological Research,37, 291–299.Google Scholar
  20. Jordan, A. M. (1974).Bulletin of Entomological Research,63, 361–399.Google Scholar
  21. Laird, M. (ed.) 1977).Tsetse: the Future for Biological Methods in Integrated Control. International Development Research Centre, Ottawa.Google Scholar
  22. Langridge, W. P. (1976).A Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Survey of Ethiopia. ODM, London.Google Scholar
  23. Machado, A. de Barros (1970). Les races geographiques deGlossina morsitans. 1st International Symposium on Tsetse Fly Breeding under Laboratory Conditions and its Practical Application, Lisbon, 1969, pp. 471–486.Google Scholar
  24. MacLennan, K. J. R. (1970a). The epizootiology of trypanosomiasis in livestock in West Africa. InThe African Trypanosomiases (ed. H. W. Mulligan), pp. 751–765. George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  25. MacLennan, K. J. R. (1970b). Practical application of measures for the control of tsetse-borne trypanosomiases of livestock. InThe African Trypanosomiases (ed. H. W. Mulligan), pp. 799–821. George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  26. Mwambu, P. M. (1967). Cattle trypanosomiasis in the area adjoining the south Bugosa fly-belt. International Scientific Committee on Trypanosomiasis Research. OAU/STRC publ. No 100, p. 25.Google Scholar
  27. Pratt, D. J. &Gwynne, M. D. (1977). (Eds.)Rangeland Management and Ecology in East Africa. Hodder & Stoughton, London.Google Scholar
  28. Pilson, R. D. &Harley, J. M. B. (1959). The importance of cattle as a host toG. morsitans in Ankole. East African Trypanosomiasis Research Organization Report for 1958.Google Scholar
  29. Rogers, D. &Boreham, P. F. L. (1973).Acta tropica,30 (1–2), 24–35.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Scott, J. M. &Pegram, R. G. (1974).Tropical Animal Health and Production,6, 215–221.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Stephen, L. E. (1962).Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology,56, 415–421.Google Scholar
  32. Stephen, L. E. (1970). Clinical manifestations of trypanosomiases in livestock and other domestic animals. InThe African Trypanosomiases (ed. H. W. Mulligan), pp. 774–794. George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  33. Vanderplank, F. L. (1949).Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London B,18, 56–64.Google Scholar
  34. Weitz, B. G. F. (1963).Bulletin of the World Health Organization,28, 711.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Weitz, B. G. F. (1970). Hosts ofGlossina. InThe African Trypanosomiases (ed. H. W. Mulligan), pp. 317–326. George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  36. Whiteside, E. F. (1960). Recent work in Kenya on the control of drug-resistant cattle trypanosomiasis. International Scientific Committee on Trypanosomiasis Research, 8th meeting CCTA Publ. No. 62, pp. 141–154.Google Scholar
  37. Wiesenhutter, E., Turner, D. B. &Kristense, K. A. (1968).Bulletin of Epizootic Diseases of Africa,16, 419–424.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Williamson, J. &Stephen, L. E. (1960).Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology,54, 366–370.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Wilson, A. J. (1974). The immune reaction of the vertebrate host. In Proceedings of Conference on “Control Programmes Against Trypanosomiasis and Their Vectors”, pp. 211–213. Paris.Google Scholar
  40. Wilson, A. J., Le Roux, J. G., Paris, J., Davidson, C. R. &Gray, A. R. (1975a).Tropical Animal Health and Production,7, 187–199.Google Scholar
  41. Wilson, A. J., Paris, J. &Dar, F. K. (1975b).Tropical Animal Health and Production,7, 63–71.Google Scholar
  42. Wilson, A. J., Paris, J., Luckins, A. G., Dar, F. K. &Gray, A. R. (1976).Tropical Animal Health and Production,8, 1–11.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Longman Group Limited 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Bourn
    • 1
  • Michael Scott
    • 2
  1. 1.Zoology DepartmentAnimal Ecology Research GroupOxfordUK
  2. 2.British Veterinary ProjectEmbájado BritániqueSan SalvadorEl Salvador

Personalised recommendations