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Journal of Oceanography

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 425–441 | Cite as

Factors regulating the distribution of elements in marine sediments predicted by a simulation model

  • Noburu Takematsu
  • Yoshio Sato
  • Yoshihisa Kato
  • Shiro Okabe
Article

Abstract

The contents of oxyanionic elements (V, Se and Mo) and cationic transition metals (Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Zn) in sediments from near-shore to deep-sea environments were measured to clarify factors regulating the distribution of these elements in marine sediments. For cationic transition metals of which contents increase from near-shore to deep-sea environments, the chemical composition of pelagic clays is modeled by a mixture of aluminosilicates having the chemical composition of average shale and Fe−Mn oxides having the chemical composition of associated manganese nodules. The content of V is fairly constant in sediments from near-shore to deep-sea areas. The mixture model of average shale and manganese nodules holds also for V, although most of the V is located in the aluminosilicate lattices. The content of Se in the near-shore sediments is higher and that in the deep-sea sediments is lower than that in average shale. The high content in the near-shore sediments is interpreted as the addition of biogenic materials to aluminosilicates with average shale composition and the low content in deep-sea sediments is explained by oxidative release of Se from aluminosilicates. The content of Mo in sediments increases from near-shore to deep-sea environments. The general distribution of Mo in marine sediments is expressed by the mixture model. An anomalously high content of Mo in a near-shore sediment is attributed to adsorption of molybdate on manganese oxides.

Keywords

Manganese Shale Mixture Model Marine Sediment General Distribution 
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Copyright information

© Journal of the Oceanographic Society of Japan 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noburu Takematsu
    • 1
  • Yoshio Sato
    • 2
  • Yoshihisa Kato
    • 2
  • Shiro Okabe
    • 2
  1. 1.The Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN)Wako-shi, SaitamaJapan
  2. 2.School of Marine Science and TechnologyTokai UniversityShimizu-shi, ShizuokaJapan

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