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Insectes Sociaux

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 138–147 | Cite as

Nest relocations in ants

  • J. Smallwood
Article

Summary

Ant nest relocation was studied in a decidous forest in the eastern U.S. Nests were located by tuna baiting and were re-checked every 2–3 weeks for continued occupation or desertion by the colonies. Nest half lives for four species were calculated and varied from 12.9 days forTapinoma sessile to 89.9 days forFormica subsericea.

Emigration distances were measured when colonies were observed moving. For the forest-dwelling species examined, emigration distances appeared to be shorter than the average foraging distances.

Colony movements by other ant species have been noted by other investigators, and these observations were reviewed to assess the overal importance of the behavior. It was found that ant colony movement is a common phenomenon that frequently occurs in species that represent a variety of taxonomic groups and in a wide range of habitats.

Keywords

Overal Taxonomic Group Common Phenomenon Decidous Forest Continue Occupation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Nestverlegungen bei Ameisen

Zusammenfassung

Ameisennesterverlegung wurde in einem Laubwald in den östlichen Vereinigten Staaten studiert. Nester wurden durch Tuna Köder lokalisiert und alle 2–3 Wochen auf die anhaltende Bewodung oder Verlassen von den Kolonien geprüft. Halbwertzeite der Nest für 4 Arten wurden berechnet und zeigten Veränderungen von 12,9 Tagen fürTapinoma sessile zu 89,9 Tagen fürFormica subsericea.

Auswanderungsentfernungen der sich fortbewegenden Kolonien wurden gemessen. Jede der beobachteten Arten im Wald zeigten kürzere Auswander ungsentfernungen als ihre durchschnittliche furagierenden Entfernungen.

Andere Forscher haben auch Kolonieverlegungen anderer Ameisenarten geprüft und diese Beobachtungen wurden auf die gesamte Verhaltungswichtigkeit geprüft. Es ergab sich, daß die Bewegung der Ameisenkolonien eine übliche Erscheinung ist, die öfters in Gattungen auftritt, die eine Mannigfaltigkeit von taxonomischen Gruppen in sehr verschiedenen Standorten darstellen.

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Copyright information

© Masson 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Smallwood
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoologythe University of IowaIowa City

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