Insectes Sociaux

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 145–163 | Cite as

Anatomy and histology of the female reproductive system ofApis indica F. (Hymenoptera, Apidæ)

  • R. P. Kapil


  1. 1.

    The reproductive organs fixed in picro-alcohol, according to the formula of the author, have yielded equally good results as with picro-formol.

  2. 2.

    Each ovary of the queen bee consists of 73 polytrophic ovarioles. The ovary of the newly emerged queen bee is small in size and does not show mature stages of the oocyte. The old ovary is found exhausted with nurse cells, showing black granules. The ovary of the worker bee has 1–12 ovarioles.

  3. 3.

    The calyx of the reproductive organs of the worker bee, is anteriorly a solid structure with opening lined with an irregular intima. Bordering its epithelium is a circular muscle layer.

  4. 4.

    An irregular egg-laying behaviour of the worker bees, has been attributed to the synchronous ovulation of the ovaries.

  5. 5.

    The glandular epithelium of the spermathecal gland contains two types of nuclei—the large and endothelial. Each cell has a ductule terminating into the lumen of the gland.

  6. 6.

    The evolutionary trends and affinities between the two domesticated species ofApis have been discussed.



Mature Stage Reproductive System Reproductive Organ Muscle Layer Evolutionary Trend 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Masson & Cie 1962

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. P. Kapil
    • 1
  1. 1.Eri Seed Supply and Research StationRanchi

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