Calcified Tissue Research

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 41–46 | Cite as

Mechanism of induction of hypercalcemia and hyperphosphatemia by lead acetate in the rat

  • Yuzo Kato
  • Shoichiro Takimoto
  • Hideaki Ogura


The present study is an investigation of the mechanism of hypercalcemia and hyperphosphatemia induced by the intravenous injection of lead acetate (Pb-Ac). A total of 118 male rats were injected with 30 mg/kg of Pb-Ac, or with 16.5 mg/kg of sodium acetate as the control. The levels of serum calcium, phosphorus and lead were then determined at various time periods after the injections. Serum calcium and phosphorus levels increased with time after Pb-Ac injection and the maximum values of calcium (17 mg%) were found after 1 h and of phosphorus (13.5 mg%) after 30 min. Both calcium and phosphorus levels reverted to the normal range after 12 h. The maximum net rates of increase of calcium and phosphorus were found immediately after Pb-Ac injection. At that time, deposition of lead at the calcifying sites of bone and incisor dentin was demonstrated by a histochemical examination. In other experiments the changes in the calcium and phosphorus contents in the medium after shaking bone powder in serum with Pb-Ac in an in vitro system were studied. It was confirmed that the calcium and phosphorus were displaced from the bone mineral, the extent of the displacement being correlated with the concentration of the Pb-Ac added to the medium, and that these displacements were very rapid reactions. These results suggest that hypercalcemia and hyperphosphatemia following Pb-Ac injection results from a direct action of lead on the bone mineral.

Key words

Lead salt Bone Mobilization Hypercalcemia Hyperphosphatemia 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuzo Kato
    • 1
  • Shoichiro Takimoto
    • 1
  • Hideaki Ogura
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of DentistryTokyo Medical and Dental UniversityTokyoJapan

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