Journal of Medical Systems

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 37–49 | Cite as

Computers and diagnostic radiology

The State of the Art of Meeting Medical Care Objectives
  • Roger H. Shannon
  • Ralph R. Grams
Articles

Abstract

The term ‘state of the art” applied to medical technology should stimulate consideration of medical objectives as well as comparison of similar equipment. A communications model of the consult process is presented and examined using the diagnostic radiologists as the example. Examples of computer applications relating to the model are discussed, and some future possibilities for using computers to enhance the consultant's ability to meet medical objectives are suggested.

Keywords

Medical Technology Communication Model Future Possibility Medical Objective Similar Equipment 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Shannon, R. H., and Ball, M. J., A patient-oriented classification of medical data.Biosci. Commun. 2:282–292, 1976.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kemeny, J. G.,Man and the Computer. Scribner, New York, 1972, p. 54.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nilson, N. J., Artificial intelligence.Proceedings of the IFIP Congress 1974, North-Holland Publ., Amsterdam, 1974, pp. 802–805.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shortliffe, E. H.,Computer-Based Medical Consultations, American Elsevier, New York, 1976, pp. 28–32.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Warner, H. R., Olmstead, C. M., and Rutherford, B. D., HELP—A program for medical decisionmaking.Comput. Biomed. Res. 5:65–74, 1972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rosati, R. A., McNeer, J. F., Starmer, C. G., Mittler, B. S., Morris, J. J., and Wallace, A. G., A new information system for medical practice.Arch. Intern. Med. 135:1017–1024, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lodwick, G. S., The application of computers in diagnostic radiology.Curr. Probl. Radiol. 5:29–33, 1976.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lang, G. S., State-of-the-art of computer-assisted radiology information/reporting systems.CRC Crit. Rev. Bioeng. pp. 221–250, June 1975.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lusted, L., Evaluating the efficacy of radiological procedures.Models in Metrics for Decision Makers (K. Snappr, ed.), Information Resources Press, Washington, D.C., 1977.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    McNeil, B. J., Keeler, E., and Adelstein, S. J., Primer on certain elements of medical decision making.N. Engl J. Med. 293:211–215, 1975.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    McNeil, B. J., Varady, M. S., Burrows, B. A., and Adelstein, S. J., Measures of clinical efficacy.N. Engl. J. Med. 293:216–221, 1975.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zwicky, G. and Gordon, S. C., Impact of a shared computer system in radiology department.Proceedings of the 4th Conference of Computer Applications in Radiology, American College of Radiology, Chicago, Ill. 1975, pp. 422–425.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dietrich P. A., The computer-based medical record and the radiologist.The Problem-Oriented System (J. W. Hurst and H. K. Walker, eds.), Medcom, New York, 1972, p. 264.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Brooks, R. A., and DiChiro, G., Theory of image reconstruction in computed tomography.Radiology 117:561–572, 1975.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lodwick, G. S., The application of computers in Diagnostic radiology.Curr. Probl. Radiol. 5:33–50, 1976.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Normandie, L. F., and Spiegel, P. K., A computerized exposure system.Radiology 120:575–581, 1976.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Brolin, I., Radiologic reporting.Acta Radiol. [Suppl.] 323, 1973.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pendergrass, H. P., and Bauman, R. A., Computers in radiology at Massachusetts General Hospital.Radiol. Clin. North Am. 9:141–148, 1971.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Simon, M., and Leeming, B., Computerized radiology reporting using coded language.Radiology 113:343–349, 1974.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wheeler, P. S., Simborg, D. W., and Gitlin, J. N., Johns Hopkins radiology reporting system.Radiology 119:315, 1976.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lodwick, G. S., The application of computers in diagnostic radiology.Curr. Probl. Radiol. 5:14–53, 1976.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mani, R. L., A computer-assisted radiographic reporting systems utilizing mark-sense format.Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Computer Applications in Radiology, American College of Radiology, Chicago, 1972, pp. 58–67.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kolodny, G. M.: A new system of radiology reporting.CRC Crit. Rev. Clin. Radiol. Nucl. Med. pp. 187–197, Dec. 1975.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Weintraub, H. D., Worcester, J., Resnic, M. S., and Kolodny, G. M., Clinical evaluation of the Rapid Telephone Access System for radiology reporting.Radiology 121:349–352, 1976.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Schultz, Jr., Cantril, S. V. and Morgan, K. G., An initial operational problem-oriented medical record system — For storage, manipulation, and retrieval of medical data.The Problem Oriented System. (J. W. Hurst and H. K. Walker, eds.), Medcom, New York, 1972, pp. 201–250.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Cantril, S., personal communication, 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger H. Shannon
    • 1
  • Ralph R. Grams
  1. 1.Radiology AssociatesSpokane

Personalised recommendations