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Plant and Soil

, Volume 114, Issue 2, pp 217–226 | Cite as

Mobilization of iron and other micronutrient cations from a calcareous soil by plant-borne, microbial, and synthetic metal chelators

  • M. Treeby
  • H. Marschner
  • V. Römheld
Article

Abstract

Mobilization of Fe, Zn, Cu, and Mn by various chelators from a calcareous soil was measured using a simple dialysis tube/complexing resin system. Root exudates from Fe-deficient barley increased the concentrations of all four metals in solution by, on average, a factor of 20, and the addition of complexing resin as a sink for heavy metal cations forced steady state solution concentrations to be reached sooner. Root exudates mobilized increasing amounts of the various micronutrients in the following order: Cu<Fe<Zn<Mn. Phytosiderophores isolated from root exudates of Fe-deficient barley mobilized similar amounts of Cu and Zn but somewhat more Fe and considerably more Mn than crude exudate. The synthetic chelators EDDHA and DTPA showed low specificity in micronutrient mobilization, but the microbial siderophore Desferal was relatively more specific, preferentially mobilizing Fe and Mn. The data indicates that phytosiderophores are capable of increasing the amount of complexed cations in solution. Despite their lack of specificity, phytosiderophores were just as effective as Desferal increasing the availability of Fe. Thus, phytosiderophores, as plant-borne chelators, are certainly of significance for the Fe nutrition of cereals grown in calcareous soils.

Key words

barley chelators copper iron manganese mobilization phytosiderophores root exudates siderophores zinc 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Treeby
    • 1
  • H. Marschner
    • 1
  • V. Römheld
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für PflanzenernährungUniversität HohenheimStuttgart 70FRG

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