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Plant and Soil

, Volume 82, Issue 1, pp 31–40 | Cite as

Growth response of selected vegetable crops to spent mushroom compost application in a controlled environment

  • Sherry Hsiao-Lei Wang
  • Virginia I. Lohr
  • David L. Coffey
Article

Summary

Snap bean, cucumber, radish, spinach, and tomato seedlings and plants were grown in soils amended with 0, 10, 20, 30 and 50% spent mushroom compost (SMC) under greenhouse conditions. While total seedling emergence was not affected by the addition of SMC, the rate of seedling emergence was delayed. Increased growth was observed in the range of 30 to 50% SMC. The elemental content in seedling tissue indicated an antagonism among K, Ca, and Mg for ion uptake. Increased plant growth and yield were obtained with addition of 20 to 30% SMC; those grown at 50% SMC exhibited some stunting. The limiting factor in the use of SMC appeared to be its high soluble salts content.

Key words

Elemental antagonism Salinity Seedling emergence Soil amendment Waste utilization 

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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. Junk Publishers 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sherry Hsiao-Lei Wang
    • 1
  • Virginia I. Lohr
    • 1
  • David L. Coffey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant and Soil ScienceUniversity of TennesseeKnoxville

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