Veterinary Research Communications

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 167–198 | Cite as

The occurrence and significance ofCampylobacter jejuni in man and animals

  • S. M. Shane
  • M. S. Montrose


Campylobacter jejuni, which is now recognized as a discrete species, is a gram negative, microaerophilic, thermophilic, nalidixic acid sensitive, hippurate positive pathogen requiring special selective media for propogation. The organism is widely distributed in avian species, experimental and companion animals and in humans. Mammalian campylobacteriosis is characterized by an enterocolitis of variable severity. The prevalence of the condition is relatively high in young individuals, in underdeveloped countries and in subjects with diarrhea. Food animals, especially poultry, are reservoirs of the organism and infection occurs following consumption of untreated surface water, unpasteurized milk, incompletely cooked meat or other contaminated food products. Close contact with infected immature companion animals is a significant cause of campylobacteriosis in children and direct intrafamilial transmission and occupational infection have been documented.

Campylobacteriosis attributable toC. jejuni is a condition of emerging significance which arises principally from deficiencies in hygiene inherent in the environment and in the food chain which extends from domestic animals to the consumer.


Hippurate Nalidixic Acid Avian Species Companion Animal Underdeveloped Country 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers B.V 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. Shane
    • 1
  • M. S. Montrose
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Veterinary MedicineLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeU.S.A.

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