Veterinary Research Communications

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 265–279 | Cite as

Biological effects of electromagnetic fields on vertebrates. A review

  • Bo Algers
  • Katarina Hennichs
Article

Abstract

Papers dealing with biological effects of electromagnetic fields are reviewed. The data indicate that certain biological changes are caused by exposure to electromagnetic fields. There is at present, however, no evidence of specific causal mechanisms.

Keywords

Public Health Biological Effect Electromagnetic Field Veterinary Medicine Causal Mechanism 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adey, W.R., 1973. The influence of impressed electrical fields at EEG frequencies on brain and behaviour. Proc of 7th Ann Symposium on Behaviour and Brain electrical activity.Google Scholar
  2. Algers, B., Ekesbo, I. and Hennichs, K., 1981. The effects of ultra high-voltage transmission lines on the fertility of dairy cows. A preliminary study. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Hygiene with Farrier's School, Report 5.Google Scholar
  3. Altmann, G. and Lang, S., 1974. Die Revieraufteilung bei weissen Mäusen unter natürlichen Bedingungen, im Farady'schen Raum und in künstlichen luftelektrischen Feldbereichen. Z Tierpsychol, 34: 337–344.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Altmann, G., Lang, S. and Rothe, H. J. 1976. Some effects of electric fields on the metabolism of pathogen nutrified rats. Archiv für Meteorologie, Geophysik und Bioklimatologie, 24 (1): 1–2.Google Scholar
  5. Atoian, G. E., 1977. Are there biological and psychological effects due to extra high voltage installations? IEEE Region 6 Conference Record, Electronics serving mankind, Portland, Oregon, USA.Google Scholar
  6. Batkin, S., Duane, L., Guernsey, J. and Tabrak, F. L., 1978. Weak A.C. magnetic field effects: changes in cell sodium pump activity following whole animal exposure. Research Communication in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology, 22 (3).Google Scholar
  7. Bayer, A., Brinkman, J. and Wittke, G., 1978. Belastung tierischer Organismen durch elektrische und magnetische Felder. Aus dem Institut für Veterinärphysiologi, Fachbereich Tiermedizin, der Freien Universität Berlin. Fortschritte der Veterinärmedizin. Heft 28:12. Kongressbericht 153–155.Google Scholar
  8. Bernhardt, J., 1979. The direct influence of electromagnetic fields on nerve-and muscle cells of man within the frequency range of 1 Hz to 30 MHz. Radiation and Environmental Biophysics 16 (4): 309–324.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Beyer, M., Brinkman, K., Kühne, B. and Schaefer, H., 1979. Einfluss elekrischer Felder auf lebende Organismen. Elektrizitätswirtschaft. Jg 78, Heft 19.Google Scholar
  10. Blanchi, D., Cedrini, L., Ceria, F., Medi, E. and Re, G. G., 1973. Exposure of mammalians to strong 50 Hz electric fields. Communicazione al XXIV Congresso Nazionale della Societa Italiana di Fisiologia, Roma 2–5 ottobre 1972. Arch Fissiol, 70: 30–32.Google Scholar
  11. Bridges, J. E., 1978. Biological effects of ELF electric fields, Some U.S. research results. International Conference on large high voltage electric systems, Paris 30 aug–7 sept.Google Scholar
  12. Brinkman, J., 1976. Die Langzeitwirkung hoher elektrischer Wechselfelder auf Lebewesen am Beispiel frei beweglicher Ratten. Inaugural-Dissertation Fakultät für Maschinenwesen der Technischen Universität Hannover.Google Scholar
  13. Carmaciu, R., Groza, P. and Daniela, E., 1977. Effects of a high-tension electric field on the secretion of antidiuretic hormone in rats. Department of Physiology. Institute of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania. Physiologie, 14: 79–83.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. de Lorge, J. R. and Grisett, J. D., 1977. Behavioral effects in monkeys exposed to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields. International Journal of Biometeorology, 21: 357–365.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Ellis, Goodwin and hunt, 1978. Wild-life and electric power transmission. Effects of noise on wildlife. ISBN 0-12-260550-0.Google Scholar
  16. Fisher, G., Udermann, H., & Knapp, E., 1978. Ubt das netzfrequente Wechselfeld zentrale Wirkungen aus? Zbl Bakt Hygiene. I Abt, Orig B 166: 381–385.Google Scholar
  17. Gambarale, F., Knave, B., Bergström, S., Birke, E., Iregren, A., Kolmodin-Hedman, B. and Wennberg, A., 1978. Exposition för elektriska fält. en epidemiologisk hälsoundersökning av långvarigt exponerade ställverksarberare Arbete och Hälsa 10. Arbetsskyddsverket.Google Scholar
  18. Gavalas-Medici, R., 1976. Extremely low frequency, weak electric fields affect schedule-controlled behaviour of monkeys. Nature 261, May 20.Google Scholar
  19. Gavalas-Medici, R., 1977. Effects of weak electric fields on behaviour and EEG of laboratory animals. Neurosciences research program bulletin 15 (1).Google Scholar
  20. Groza, P., Carmaciu, R., Vagariu, A. and Bordianu, A., 1978a. The effect of a high-voltage electric field on neurosecretion and on certain diencephalic protein fractions in the rat. Revue Roumaine de Morphologie, d'embryologie et de Physiologie, 15 (2): 145–148.Google Scholar
  21. Groza, P., Carmaciu, R. and Bubiano, E., 1978b. Blood and urinary catecholamine variations under the action of a high voltage electric field. Revue Roumaine de Morphologie, d'embryologie et de Physiologie, 15 (2): 139–144.Google Scholar
  22. Hamer, J.R., 1968. Effects of low level, low frequency electric fields on human reaction time. Communication in Behavioral Biology, part A, 2: 217–222. Abstract No 11680069.Google Scholar
  23. Hamer, J. R., 1969. Effects of low level, low frequency electric fields on human judgement. Proceedings of the fifth International Biometeorological Congress held at Montreux, Switzerland. Biometeorology 4, part II, suppl to 13.Google Scholar
  24. Hauf, G., 1974. Untersuchungen über die Wirkung energietechnischer Felder auf den Menschen. Inaugural-Dissertation. Hohen Medizinischen Fakultät der Ludwig Maximilians-Universität München.Google Scholar
  25. Hauf, R., 1976. Einfluss elektromagnetischer Felder auf den Menschen. Elektrotechnische Zeitschrift, 28, (2–7): 181–183.Google Scholar
  26. Hilmer, H. and Tembrock, G., 1970. Untersuchen zur lokomotorischen Aktivität weisser Ratten unter dem Einfluss von 50 Hz-Hochspannungs-Wechselfeldern. Biologisches Zentralblatt, 89: 1–8.Google Scholar
  27. Kaune, W. T., Phillips, R. D., Hjeresen, S. L., Richardsson R. L. and Beamer, J. L., 1978. Method for the exposure of miniature swine to vertical 60 Hz electric fields. IEEE Transactions on biomedical engineering, 25 (3): 276–283, May.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Klein, D. R., 1971. Reaction of reindeer to obstructions and disturbances. Science, 1973 (3995): 393–397.Google Scholar
  29. Knickerbocker, G. G., 1975. Study in the USSR of medical effects of electric fields on electric power systems. Special publ No 10 of the Power Engineering Society (IEEE) 78 CH1020-7-PWR.Google Scholar
  30. Korobkova, Y. A., Morozov, Yu. A., Stolarov, M. D. and Yakub, Yu. A., 1972. Influence of the electric field in 500 and 750 kV switchyards on maintenance staff and means for its protection. International Conference on large high tension electric system. CIGRE paper 72.Google Scholar
  31. Kouwenhoven, W. B., Langworthy, O. R., Singewald, M. L. and Knickerbocker, G. G., 1967. Medical evaluation of man working in AC electric fields. IEEE transaction on power apparatus and systems. 86 (4), April.Google Scholar
  32. König, H. L., 1974. Behavioural changes in human subjects associated with ELF and VLF electromagnetic fields effects. Ed. Persinger, M. A. Plenum Press, New York, London.Google Scholar
  33. Lang, S., 1972. Stoffwechselphysiologische Auswirkungen der Faradayschen Abschirmung und eines künstlishen luftelektrischen Feldes der Frequenz 10 Hz auf weisse Mäuse. Archiv für Meteorologie, Geophysik und Bioklimatologie. Ser B 20: 109–122.Google Scholar
  34. Larkin, R. P., and Sutherland, P. J. (1977). Migrating birds respond to project Seafarer's electromagnetic field. Science, 195: 777–778.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Le Bars, H. and Andre, G., 1976. Biological effects of an electric field on rats and rabbits. Revue Generale de L'ectricite. Numero Special, July, 91–97.Google Scholar
  36. Lott, J. R. and Lin, C. H., 1975. The effects of an external electric field on action potentials in isolated nerves. Proc of the seventh International Biometeorological Congress, Maryland, USA, 17–23 Aug. International Journal of Biometeorology. Suppl to 19.Google Scholar
  37. Lott, J. R. and McCain, H. B., 1973. Some effects of continuous and pulsating electric fields on brain wave activity in rats. Int J Biometer, 17 (3): 221–225.Google Scholar
  38. Mammontov, S. G. and Ivanova, L. N., 1971. Effect of low-frequency electric field on cell division in mouse tissues. Bulletin of Exp, Biol and Med, 71: 192–193.Google Scholar
  39. Marino, A. A. and Becker, R. O., 1977. Biological effects of extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields: A review. Physiol Chem & Physics, 9: 131–147.Google Scholar
  40. Marino, A. A. and Becker, R. O., 1978. High voltage lines. Hazard at a distance. Environment, 20 (9), 6–15 Nov.Google Scholar
  41. Marino, A. A., Berger, T. J., Austin, B. P., Becker, R. O. and Hart, F. X., 1977. In vivo bieelectrochemical changes associated with exposure to extremely low frequency electric fields. Physiological Chemistry and Physics, 9.Google Scholar
  42. Marino, A. A., Reichmanis, M., Becker, R. O., Ullrich, B. and Cullen, J. M., 1979. Power frequency electric field induces biological changes in successive generations of mice. Experientia, 36: 309–311, 1980.Google Scholar
  43. Nordström, S., 1979. Undersökning av ev genetiska risker bland anställda vid Vattenfall/Sydkraft som exponeras för 400 kV. Sammanfattning av preliminära resultat. Personligt meddelande, stencil, sid 3.Google Scholar
  44. Norton, L. A., 1974. In vivo bone growth in a controlled electric field. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (US) 283: 466–477.Google Scholar
  45. Persinger, M. A. and Ossenkopp, 1973. Psychophysiological effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields: A review. Preceptual and Motor Skills, 36: 1131–1159.Google Scholar
  46. Poznaniak, D. T., Graves, H. B. and McKee, G. W., 1979. Biological effects of high-intensity 60 Hz electric fields on the growth and development of plants and animals. Personligt meddelande, stencil 15.Google Scholar
  47. Richter, T., 1977. Untersuchung über den Einfluss der 50 Hz-Wechselfelder auf den Organismus von Lebewesen. Inaugural-Dissertation. Philosophischen Fakultät. Karl Franzens Universität, Graz.Google Scholar
  48. Schaefer, H. and Silny, J., 1977. Der Einfluss technischer elektrischer Wechselfelder hoher Feldstärke auf den Organismus. Int Arch Occup Environ Health, 39: 83–96.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Schua, L., 1953. Die Fluchtreaktion von Goldhamstern aus elektrischen Feldern, Die Naturwissenschaften, 40 (19): 514.Google Scholar
  50. Sheppard, A. R. and Eisenbud, M., 1977. Biological effects of electric and magnetic fields of extremely low frequency. New York University Press.Google Scholar
  51. Spittka, O., Taege, M. and Tembrock, G., 1969. Experimentelle Untersuchungen zum operanten Trinkverhalten von Ratten im 50 Hz-Hochspannungswechselfeld. Biologisches Zentralblatt, 88: 273–282.Google Scholar
  52. Waibel, R., 1975. Der Einfluss niederfrequenter Felder auf Lebewesen Inaugural Dissertation. Institution für Hygiene der Universität, Graz. Institution für Elektro- und biomedizinische Technik der Technishe Hochschule, Graz.Google Scholar
  53. Wever, R., 1973. Human Circadian rhytms under the influence of weak electric fields and the different aspects of these studies. International Journal Biometeor, 17 (3): 227–232.Google Scholar
  54. Zahner, R., 1964. Zur Wirkung des elektrischen Feldes auf das Verhalten des Goldhamsters. Zeitschrift für vergleichende Physiologie, 49: 172–190.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers B.V 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bo Algers
    • 1
  • Katarina Hennichs
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal HygieneSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesSkaraSweden

Personalised recommendations