Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 267–279 | Cite as

Schizophrenia in adolescence

  • Philip S. Holzman
  • Roy R. GrinkerSr.


The emergence of schizophrenic psychoses during middle and late adolescence poses the question of how adolescence as a developmental stage is related to the emergence of severe psychopathology. This paper examines several possible explanations for adolescence as the beginning of the high-risk age, particularly for the schizophrenias. After discussing the nature of adolescence as distinguished from puberty, and then considering the nature of schizophrenia, we report some data from a long-range study of young adult psychiatric patients, both schizophrenic and nonschizophrenic. Our data support the idea that serious psychopathology—not only schizophrenia—occurs in a setting of poor competence in a variety of crucial skills which include the social, intellectual, and physical realms. The demands made on adolescents by societal expectations for independence and role establishment summon a variety of competencies. Where these competencies are dysfunctional, societal demands strain an already vulnerable youth, and potentiate disorganization.


Schizophrenia Developmental Stage Health Psychology School Psychology Psychiatric Patient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip S. Holzman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Roy R. GrinkerSr.
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.University of ChicagoChicago
  2. 2.Chicago Institute for PsychoanalysisChicago
  3. 3.Institute for Psychosomatic and Psychiatric Research and Training, Michael Reese Hospital and Medical CenterUniversity of ChicagoChicago
  4. 4.University of ChicagoChicago

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