Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 267–279 | Cite as

Schizophrenia in adolescence

  • Philip S. Holzman
  • Roy R. GrinkerSr.
Article

Abstract

The emergence of schizophrenic psychoses during middle and late adolescence poses the question of how adolescence as a developmental stage is related to the emergence of severe psychopathology. This paper examines several possible explanations for adolescence as the beginning of the high-risk age, particularly for the schizophrenias. After discussing the nature of adolescence as distinguished from puberty, and then considering the nature of schizophrenia, we report some data from a long-range study of young adult psychiatric patients, both schizophrenic and nonschizophrenic. Our data support the idea that serious psychopathology—not only schizophrenia—occurs in a setting of poor competence in a variety of crucial skills which include the social, intellectual, and physical realms. The demands made on adolescents by societal expectations for independence and role establishment summon a variety of competencies. Where these competencies are dysfunctional, societal demands strain an already vulnerable youth, and potentiate disorganization.

Keywords

Schizophrenia Developmental Stage Health Psychology School Psychology Psychiatric Patient 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip S. Holzman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Roy R. GrinkerSr.
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.University of ChicagoChicago
  2. 2.Chicago Institute for PsychoanalysisChicago
  3. 3.Institute for Psychosomatic and Psychiatric Research and Training, Michael Reese Hospital and Medical CenterUniversity of ChicagoChicago
  4. 4.University of ChicagoChicago

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