Advertisement

Veterinary Research Communications

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 415–428 | Cite as

Effects of stable dust on farm animals-a review

  • Mark Collins
  • Bo Algers
Reviews

Abstract

The relationship between air quality-its dust content-and respiratory diseases of animals in the food industry and otherwise in examined. The correlation between dust content and incidence of disease in farm animals is also discussed. Lesions caused either directly or indirectly by dusttransported microorganisms are reviewd. Effects of dust on animal performance are included.

This review is an attempt to compile available information on the natural occurrence of stable dust and the possibilities for its measurement and control.

Keywords

Public Health Respiratory Disease Veterinary Medicine Food Industry Farm Animal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Andersson, D.P., Beard, C.W. & Hansson, R.P., 1964. The adverse effects of ammonia on chickens including resistance to infection with Newcastle disease virus. Avian disease 8, 369–379.Google Scholar
  2. Batel, W., 1975. Messung zur Staub-, Lärm- und Geruchsbelastung an Arbeitsplätzen in der landwrirtschaftlichen Produktion und Wege zur Entlastung-Erster Bericht. Grundlagen der Landtechnik Bd 25, No 5, 135–157.Google Scholar
  3. Batel, W., 1979. Staubbelastung und Staubzusammdensetzung an Arbei tspläzen der Landwirtschaftlichen Produktion und daraus abzuleitende Belastungsgrenzen und Staubschutzmassnahmen. Grundlagen der Landtechnik 29, 41–54.Google Scholar
  4. Buhatel, T., 1978. Researches on microflora in large pig breeding farms. II Dust microflora in pig houses. 5th World International Pig Veterinary Society Congress, Zagreb, Yugoslavia K.A. 55.Google Scholar
  5. Bundy, D.S. & Hezen, T.E., 1975. Dust levels in swine confinement systenms associated with different feeding methods. Transactions of the ASAE, 137–139.Google Scholar
  6. Carlsson, H.C. & Whenham, G.R., 1968. Coliform bacteria in chicken broiler house dust and their possible relationship to coli-septichemia. Avian Disease 12, 297–302.Google Scholar
  7. Catcott, E.J., 1979. Canine medicine. IVth ed AVP Santa Barbara.Google Scholar
  8. Cermák, J.P. & Ross, P.A., 1978. Airborne dust concentrations associated with animal housing tasks. Farm Building Progress 51, 11–15.Google Scholar
  9. Champberlain, A.C., 1967. Deposition of particles to natural surface. Airborne Microbes. Cambridge University Press, 165–203.Google Scholar
  10. Cook, W. R., 1976. Chronic bronchitis and alveolar emphysema in the horse. Veterinary Record 99, 448–451.Google Scholar
  11. Chrichlow, E.C., Yoshida, K. & Wallace, K., 1980. Dust levels in a riding stable. Equine Veterinary Journal 12, 185–188.Google Scholar
  12. Curtis, S.E., Andersson, C.R., Simon, J., Jensen, A.H., Day, D.L. & Kelley, K.W., 1975. Effects of aerial ammonia hydrogen sulfide and swine-house dust on rate of gain and respiratory-tract structure in swine. Journal of Animal Science 41, 735–739.Google Scholar
  13. Curtis, S.E., Drumond, J.G., Grunloh, D.J., Lynch, P.B. & Jensen, A.H., 1975. Relative and qualitative aspects of aerial bacteria and dust in swine houses. Journal of Animal Science 41, 1512–1520.Google Scholar
  14. Dennis, C. & Gee, J.M., 1973. The microbial flora of broiler-house litter and dust. Journal of General Microbiology 78, 101–107.Google Scholar
  15. Doig, P.A. & Willoughby, R.A., 1971. Response of swine to atmospheric ammonia and organic dust. Journal of the American Veterinary Assoication 159, 1353–1361.Google Scholar
  16. Druett, H.A., 1967. The inhalation and retention of particles in the human respiratory system. Airborne Microbes. Cambridge University Press, 165–203.Google Scholar
  17. Edward, C. & Rosenhow, M.D., 1966. Annals of internal medicine. The American College of Physicians 64, 943–947.Google Scholar
  18. Eyre, P., 1972. Equine pulmonary emphysema a bronchopulmnary mould allergy. Veterinary Record 91, 134–140.Google Scholar
  19. Ferslev, G., 1982. Allergische Dermatosen bei Hung und Katze. Effem-Forschung für Kleintiernhrung. Report No 14, 14–21.Google Scholar
  20. Fiser, A., 1978. Microbial contamination of the dust in minimum-morbidity pig rearing houses. Veterinarni Medicina 23, 641–650.Google Scholar
  21. Fiser, A. & Hunat, A., 1976. Contamination of air and dust by coliform germs in large-scale farrowing houses. Acta Veterinaria Brno 45, 59–63.Google Scholar
  22. Grub, W., Rollo, C.A., & Howes, J.R., 1965. Dust problems in poultry environments. American Society of Agricultural Engineers 8, 338–339.Google Scholar
  23. Halliwell, R.E.W., Fleischman, J.B., Mackay-Smith, M., Beech, J. & Gunson, D.E., 1979. The role of allergy in chronic pulmonary dissease of horses. Journal of the American Veterinary Association 174, 277–281.Google Scholar
  24. Hammond, E.G., Fedler, C. & Smith, R.J., 1981. Analysis of particle-borne swine house odors. Agriculture and Environment 6, 395–401.Google Scholar
  25. Harry, E.G., 1964. The survival of Escherichia coli in the dust of poultry houses. Veterinary Record 76, 466–469.Google Scholar
  26. Harry, E.G., 1978. Air pollution in farm buildings and methods of control. Avian Pathology 7, 441–454.Google Scholar
  27. Hayter, R.B. & Besch, E.L., 1974. Airborne particle deposition in the respiratory tract of chickens. Poultry Science 53, 1507–1511.Google Scholar
  28. Higgins, R., Malo, R., René-Roberge, E. & Gauthier, R., 1982. Studies on the dissemination of Salmonella in nine broiler-chicken flocks. Arian disease 26, 26–33.Google Scholar
  29. Honey, L.F. & McQuitty, J.B., 1979. Some physical factors affecting dust concentrations in a pig facility. Canadian Agrucultural Engineering 21, 9–14.Google Scholar
  30. Jacobson, L.D. & Jordan, K.A., 1978. Aerosol concentration ina Turkey barn environment. Transactions of the ASAE 21, 325–328.Google Scholar
  31. Jericho, K.W.F. & Harries, N., 1975. Dusty feed and acute respiratory disease in pigs. Canadian Veterinary Journal 16, 360–366.Google Scholar
  32. Johansson, S.G.O., 1981. Immunologiska mekanismer bakom effekter till följd av exponering av mikroorganismer. The Swedish Work Environment Fund, Repot, Seminar, Stockholm, 32–34.Google Scholar
  33. Jurajda, V., 1972. The occurence of Marek's disease in chickens as a result ofaerogenous infection with dust — the relation between the time of exposure and the occurrance of the disease. Veterinarni Medicina (Praha) 17, 457–460.Google Scholar
  34. Jurajda, V., 1973. Transmission of Marek's disease on chickens by cell-free material perpared from dust. Acta Veterinaria, Brno 42, 64–69.Google Scholar
  35. Koo, J., Howes, J.R., Grub, W. & Rollo, C.A., 1963. Poultry dust. Agricultural Engineering 44, 608–609.Google Scholar
  36. Kraft, V. & Bauemer, J., 1975. Dust vaccination, an alternative method in Newcastle disease prophylaxis. Zentralblatt für Veterinär Medizin 22B, 703–706.Google Scholar
  37. Krantz, S., 1983. Utvärdering av direktvisande mätinstrument för aerosoler. Arbetarskyddsfondens sammenfattning nr 594.Google Scholar
  38. Lidwell, O.M. & Lawbury, E.J., 1950a. The survival of bacteria in dust II. Journal of Hygiene 48, 21–27.Google Scholar
  39. Lidwell, O.M. & Lawbury, E.J., 1950b. The survival of bacteria in dust III. Journal of Hyginene 48, 38–37.Google Scholar
  40. Lidwell, O.M. & Lawbury, E.J., 1950c. The survival of bacteria in dust IV. Journal of Hygiene 48, 38–43.Google Scholar
  41. Martin, S.W. & Willoughby, R.A., 1972. Organic dusts, sulfurdioxide and the respiratory tract of swine. Archives of Environmental Health 25, 158–165.Google Scholar
  42. Matthes, S., 1980. Keim- und Staubbelastung in Tierställen. Landbauforschung Volkenrode, Sonderheft No 52, 126–136.Google Scholar
  43. McPherson, E.A., Lawson, G.H.K., Murphy, J.R., Nicholson, J.M., Fraser, J.A., & Breeze, R.G., 1978. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): Identification of affected horses. Equine Veterinary Journal 10, 47–53.Google Scholar
  44. McPherson, E.A., Lawson, G.H.K., Murphy, J.R., Nicholson, J.M., Breeze, R.G. & Pirie, H.M., 1979. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in horses: Aetiological studies responses to intradermal and inhalation antigenic challage. Equine Veterninary Journal 11, 159–166.Google Scholar
  45. Melhorn, G., 1980. Nichttoxische Stäube und Keime in der Stalluft. Wissen-schaftliche Zeitschrift der Karl-Marx-Universität Leipzig, Math-Naturw 29, 487–496.Google Scholar
  46. Morita, T. & Ota, M., 1976. Influene of dust on mycoplasma gallispeticum contact infection and body weight gain in chickks, additionally oil spray effect on dust control. Japanese Poultry Science 13, 48–52.Google Scholar
  47. Miller, W., 1977. Die Ausbreitung von krankheitsserregern aus der Abluft von Tierstallungen. Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin 24, 1–10.Google Scholar
  48. Miller, W., 1980. Der Keimgehalt der Stalluft. Tierzüchter 32, 380, 385-386.Google Scholar
  49. Nesbitt, G.H., 1978. Anine allergic inhalation dermatits: A review of 230 cases. Journal of the American Veterinary Association 172 55–60.Google Scholar
  50. Nilsson, C., 1982. Dust investigations in pig houses. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Farm Buildings, Division of Farm Building Constructions, Report 25.Google Scholar
  51. Noble, W.C., Lidwell, O.M. & Kingston, D., 1963. The size distribution of airborne particles carrying micro-organisms. Journal of Hygiene 61, 385–391.Google Scholar
  52. Owen, J.E., 1982.. Dust — the problem and possibilities. Farm Building Progress 51, 11–15.Google Scholar
  53. Oyetunde, O.O.F., Thomson, R.G. & Carlsson, H.C., 1978. Aerosol exposure of ammonia dust and escherichia coli in broiler chickens. Canadian Veterinary Journal 19, 187–193.Google Scholar
  54. Rautits, R.A. & Leesment, O., 1975. The role of dust in aerogenic infections of intensively kept poultry. International congress of animal hygiene 1 (Budapest 1973), Progress in animal hygiene (ed F. Kovacs and P. Rafai, Budapest, Hungary, Akademiai Kiado), 244–248.Google Scholar
  55. Robbins, S.L., 1974. Pathologic basis of disease. Saunders, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  56. Russak, G., Krzysztofik, B., Ossowska-Cypryk, K. & Lukomski, A., 1975. Microbiological contaminations and dustiness in pig sheds with and without litters. Medycyna Weterynaryjna 31, 663–666.Google Scholar
  57. Schatz, M., Patterson, R. & Fink, J., 1977. Immunpathogenesis of hypersensitivity pneumontitis. Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 60, 27–37.Google Scholar
  58. Siegmund, O. H., 1979. The Merck Veterinary Manual. Vth. ed. Merck & Co, Rathway.Google Scholar
  59. Stroh, R.C., Dixon, J.E., Petersen, C.F., Sauter, E.A., Parkinson, J.F. & Steele, E.E., 1978. Environmental effects upon poultry house aerosols. Amerian Society of Agricultural Engineers, No 78-4510, 1–12.Google Scholar
  60. Tizard, I.R., 1977. An introduction to veterinary immunology. Saunders, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  61. Undersdahl, N.R., Rhodes, M.B., Socha, T.E. & Schulte, D.D., 1982. A study of air quality and respiratory infections in pigs raised in confinement. Livestock Production Science 9, 521–531.Google Scholar
  62. Wills, F., 1978. Chicken house dust — source of most M D breaks? Poultry Digest 37, 574, 576.Google Scholar
  63. Zavaleta, D. & Wilson, W. O., 1976. Poultry house dust, odours and feathers — A review. World's Poultry Science Journal 32, 333–338.Google Scholar
  64. Zeitler, M., 1984. Untersuchungen über Staub in Pferdeställen sowie über dessen allergene Wirkung auf das Pfred. Symposium on Dust and Animal Health. Internat Soc Anim Hyg Proc. Mars 13–15.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers B.V 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Collins
    • 1
  • Bo Algers
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Department of Animal HygieneSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesSkaraSweden

Personalised recommendations