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Veterinary Research Communications

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 355–397 | Cite as

Pathogenesis and pharmacology of diarrhea

  • L. Ooms
  • Ann Degryse
Article

Abstract

The etiological factors involved in diarrhea are multiple. Also the mechanisms and mediators involved are multiple: intracellular mediators (Ca, cAMP, cGMP, calmodulin, phospholipids), extracellular mediators (hormones, neurotransmitters, prostaglandins, enterotoxins...), intramural blood flow and oxygen, intestinal motility (local- and peristaltic motility).

Till now, antidiarrheals are not so versatile that they provide a solution to all types of diarrhea. The mechanisms of action of fluid replacement therapy, loperamide, alpha 2 agonist and some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory substances are reviewed.

Keywords

Oxygen Public Health Blood Flow Diarrhea Prostaglandin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers B.V 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Ooms
    • 1
  • Ann Degryse
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. Vet. Pharmacol. Res.Janssen PharmaceuticaBeerseBelgium

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