Veterinary Research Communications

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 95–104 | Cite as

Intestinal atresia and stenosis: A review comparing its etiopathogenesis

  • R. Johnson


Two theories were proposed originally to describe the development of congenital intestinal atresia. The theory of imperfect recanalization, the theory of vascular insufficiency, and studies which have been performed tovalidate each of these theories were reviewed. Specific causes of the development of vascular insufficiencies in different species were reviewed if literature was available. In utero vascular accidents have been incriminated as the major cause of congenital intestinal atresia distal to the duodenum. There was relatively little evidence to show that intestinal atresia is inherited in any species. Duodenal atresia may be caused by either an embryologic defect for which there is some evidence of inheritance or by a vascular accident. The pathogenic mechanism for intestinal atresia may be similar in most species.


Public Health Veterinary Medicine Pathogenic Mechanism Vascular Insufficiency Duodenal Atresia 
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Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Publishers B.V 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Johnson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Large Animal Clinical SciencesMichigan State UniversityEast Lansing(USA)

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