Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 303–312 | Cite as

Like father like son: Imprisonment of fathers and the psychological adjustment of sons

  • Ernst L. Moerk


The present study demonstrates that profiles of children from families with imprisoned fathers were more similar to those of juvenile delinquents and less similar to the norm group than were the profiles of children from divorced families. Based on findings presented, it would not be justified to conclude that father absence and father imprisonmentper se were the causes of negative psychological reactions. Discordant family relationships before the father left the family could have primarily caused the disturbance of these children.


Health Psychology Norm Group School Psychology Family Relationship Psychological Adjustment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Biller, H. B. (1968). A multi-aspect investigation of masculine development in kindergarten age boys.Genet. Psychol. Monogr. 78(1): 89–138.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Biller, H. B. (1970). Father absence and the personality development of the male child.Develop. Psychol. 2: 181–201.Google Scholar
  3. Fenton, N. (1959).The Prisoner's Family, Pacific Books, Palo Alto, Calif.Google Scholar
  4. Fitts, W. H. (1965).Tennessee Self Concept Scale Manual, Counselor Recordings and Tests, Nashville, Tenn.Google Scholar
  5. Friedman, S., and Esselstyn, T. (1965). The adjustment of children of jail inmates.Fed. Probation 29: 55–59.Google Scholar
  6. Gergen, K. J. (1971).The Concept of Self, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Glueck, S., and Glueck, E. (1950).Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency, Commonwealth Fund, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Gurin, P., Gurin, G., Lao, R. C., and Beattie, M. (1969). Internal-external control in the motivational dynamics of Negro youth.J. Soc. Issues 25(3): 29–53.Google Scholar
  9. Healey, W., and Bronner, A. F. (1926).Delinquency and Criminals, Macmillan, New York.Google Scholar
  10. McCord, J., and McCord, W. (1963). The effects of parental role model on criminality. In Smester, N. S., and Smester, W. T. (eds.),Personality and Social Systems, Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  11. McCord, J., McCord, W., and Thurber, E. (1962). Some effects of paternal absence on male children.J. Abnorm. Soc. Psychol. 64: 361–369.Google Scholar
  12. Miller, D. (1969). Mental patients as parents: Their children's fate. Preliminary report to NIMH review committee, Dec. 1, 1969.Google Scholar
  13. Mussen, P. H., Conger, J. J., and Kagan, J. (1969).Child Development and Personality, Harper & Row, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Nye, F. I. (1958).Family Relationships and Delinquent Behavior, Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  15. Osgood, C. E., and Suci, G. J. (1952). A measure of relation determined by both mean difference and profile information.Psychol. Bull. 49: 251–262.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Roe, A., and Siegelman, M. A. (1963). A parent-child relations questionnaire.Child Develop. 34: 355–369.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Rosenberg, M. (1965).Society and the Adolescent Self-image, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J.Google Scholar
  18. Rotter, J. B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement.Psychol. Monogr. 80: 1–28.Google Scholar
  19. Stephens, M. W. (1971). Cognitive and cultural determinants of early IE development. Paper read at the American Psychological Association Convention, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  20. Throop, W. F., and MacDonald, A. P. (1971). Internal-external locus of control: A bibliography.Psychol. Rep. 28: 175–190.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. van Nuland, J. (1970). The problem of prisoners' children. International Programme for Prisoners' Children, Louvain, Belgium.Google Scholar
  22. Zalba, S. R. (1964).Women Prisoners and Their Families, Delmar Publishing Co., Los Angeles.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernst L. Moerk
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentCalifornia State UniversityFresno

Personalised recommendations