Journal of Insect Behavior

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 755–769 | Cite as

Age- and density-related oviposition behavior of the European corn borer,Ostrinia nubilalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

  • Bradley F. Binder
  • James C. Robbins
Article

Abstract

Age-related oviposition patterns ofOstrinia nubilalis were studied at three population densities in the laboratory by releasing newly eclosed adults in wire-screened cages and analyzing their oviposition throughout the adult stage with digital analysis. Oviposition sequences of individual females depositing egg masses were documented on the third and seventh nights after eclosion with a video camcorder. During a sequence, a female produced an egg in an average time of 15 or 26 s on the third and seventh nights, respectively, and completed depositing an egg mass the size of 20–39 eggs in an average time of 316 and 525 s, respectively. Females were not easily disturbed during egg mass deposition and pulsated their abdomen before deposition of each egg. Females produced few egg masses the first night after eclosion. Oviposition increased on nights 2 and 3 but declined steadily thereafter as females matured. Females older than 6 nights produced fewer egg masses; the proportion of egg masses with fewer than 20 eggs increased gradually. By the end of the adults' lifetime, nearly 100% of the egg masses had fewer than 20 eggs. The data are fundamental to our research to define the role of phytochemicals in modifying oviposition behavior of the European corn borer.

Key Words

fecundity oviposition behavior egg masses eggs aging population density adult longevity 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Berger, A. (1989). Egg weight, batch size and fecundity of the spotted stalk borer,Chilo partellus in relation to weight of females and time of oviposition.Entomol. Exp. Appl. 50:199–207.Google Scholar
  2. Binder, B. F., Robbins, J. C., and Wilson, R. L. (1995). Chemically-mediated ovipositional behaviors of the European corn borer,Ostrinia nubilalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).J. Chem. Ecol. 21:1315–1327.Google Scholar
  3. Caffery, D. J., and Worthley, L. H. (1927). A progress report on the investigations of the European corn borer. USDA Bull. 1476, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  4. Callahan, P. S. (1958). Behavior of the imago of the corn earworm,Heliothis zea (Boddie), with special reference to emergence and reproduction.Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 51:271–283.Google Scholar
  5. Cantelo, W. W., and Jacobson, M. (1979). Phenylacetaldehyde attracts moths to bladder flower and to blacklight traps.Environ. Entomol. 8:444–447.Google Scholar
  6. Conover, W. J. (1980).Practical Nonparametric Statistics, 2nd ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Derrick, M. E., and Showers, W. B. (1990). Relationship of adult European corn borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in action sites with egg masses in the cornfield.Environ. Entomol. 19:1081–1085.Google Scholar
  8. Derridj, S., Fiala, V., and Jolivet, E. (1986). Increase of European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis) oviposition induced by a treatment of maize plants with maleic hydrazide: Role of leaf carbohydrate content.Entomol. Exp. Appl. 41:305–310.Google Scholar
  9. DeRozari, M. B., Showers, W. B., and Shaw, R. H. (1977). Environment and sexual activity of the European corn borer.Environ. Entomol. 6:657–665.Google Scholar
  10. Everly, R. T., Guthrie, W. D., and Dicke, F. F. (1979). Attractiveness of corn genotypes to ovipositing European corn borer moths. Agr. Rev. Manuals, USDA-SEA, ARM-WC-8.Google Scholar
  11. Fenemore, P. G. (1977). Oviposition of potato tuber moth,Phthorimaea operculleta Zell (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae); Fecundity in relation to mated state, age, and pupal weight.N.Z. J. Zool. 4:187–191.Google Scholar
  12. Hattori, M. (1986). Oviposition behavior of the limabean pod borer,Etiella zinckenella Treitschke (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), on the soybean.Appl. Entomol. Zool. 21:33–38.Google Scholar
  13. Hattori, M., and Sato, A. (1983). Mating and oviposition of the limabean pod borer,Etiella zinckenella Treitschke (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).Appl. Entomol. Zool. 18:511–516.Google Scholar
  14. Leahy, T. C., and Andow, D. A. (1994). Egg weight, fecundity, and longevity are increased by adult feeding inOstrinia nubilalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 87:342–349.Google Scholar
  15. Le Metayer, M., Thiery, D., Pham-Delegue, M. H., and Masson, C. (1991). Oviposition behavior and locomotor activity ofHomeosoma nebulellum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) under laboratory conditions.Environ. Entomol. 20:615–619.Google Scholar
  16. Mack, T. P., and Backman, C. B. (1984). Effects of temperature and adult age on the oviposition rate ofElasmopalpus lignosellus (Zeller), the lesser cornstalk borer.Environ. Entomol. 13:966–969.Google Scholar
  17. Ott, L. (1984).Introduction to Statistical Methods and Data Analysis, 2nd ed., Prindle, Weber, and Schmidt, Boston.Google Scholar
  18. Ramaswamy, S. G. (1990). Periodicity of oviposition, feeding, and calling by mated femaleHeliothis virescens in a field cage.J. Insect Behav. 3:417–427.Google Scholar
  19. Reed, G. L., Showers, W. B., Huggans, J. L., and Carter, S. W. (1972). Improved procedures for mass rearing the European corn borer.J. Econ. Entomol. 65:1472–1476.Google Scholar
  20. Royer, L., and McNeil, J. N. (1993). Male investment in the European corn borer,Ostrinia nubilalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): Impact on female longevity and reproductive performance.Funct. Ecol. 7:209–215.Google Scholar
  21. Schurr, K. M., and Holdaway, F. G. (1970). Olfactory responses of femaleOstrinia nubilalis (Lepidoptera: Pyraustinae).Entomol. Exp. Appl. 13:455–461.Google Scholar
  22. Shorey, H. H. (1963). The biology ofTrichoplusia ni (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). II. Factors affecting adult fecundity and longevity.Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 56:476–480.Google Scholar
  23. Showers, W. B., Reed, G. L., and Oloumi-Sadeghi, H. (1974). Mating studies of female European corn borers: Relationship between deposition of egg masses on corn and captures in light traps.J. Econ. Entomol. 67:616–619.Google Scholar
  24. Stamp, N. E. (1980). Egg deposition patterns in butterflies: Why do some species cluster their eggs rather than deposit them singly?Am. Nat. 115:367–380.Google Scholar
  25. Stockel, J., Bar, M., Boidron, J. N., and Bourgeois, G. (1987). Methodological approach to identify chemical oviposition stimulants from maize for European corn borer.J. Chem. Ecol. 13:557–567.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bradley F. Binder
    • 1
    • 2
  • James C. Robbins
    • 1
  1. 1.USDA-ARS, Corn Insects Research Unit, Genetics LaboratoryIowa State UniversityAmes
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyIowa State UniversityAmes

Personalised recommendations