Advertisement

Plant and Soil

, Volume 57, Issue 2–3, pp 177–186 | Cite as

Nitrogen fixation (acetylene reduction) and cross inoculation in 12 Prosopis (mesquite) species

  • Peter Felker
  • Peter R. Clark
Article

Abstract

The leguminous tree mesquite (Prosopis spp) exists on millions of hectares of semi-arid regions of the world. No whole plant acetylene reductions for mesquite have been reported in the literature and nodulation has only been reported for three of the forty-four species. We report greenhouse studies in which 12Prosopis species representing African and North and South American germplasm (1) became nodulated when inoculated with rhizobia strain isolated from a North American mesquite, (2) grew on a nitrogen free nutrient media, (3) reduced acetylene to ethylene, and (4) had a positive significant correlation between the acetylene reduction rates and above ground dry matter. The capability of mesquite to fix nitrogen must now be considered firmly established.

Key Words

Drought-adapted legumes Leguminous trees Rangeland improvement Semi-arid soils 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    Alessi, J. and Power, J. F. 1976 Water use by dryland corn as affected by maturity class and plant spacing. Agron. J.68, 547–550.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bailey, A. W. 1976 Nitrogen fixation in honey mesquite seedlings. J. Range Manage.29, 479–481.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Balandreau, J. and Dommergues, Y. 1973 Assaying nitrogenase (C2H2) activity in the field. Bull. Ecol. Res. Comm. Stockholm17, 247–254.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Basak, M. K. and Goyal, S. K. 1975 Studies on tree legumes: Nodulation pattern and characterization of the symbiont. Ann. Arid Zone14, 367–370.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Burkart, A. 1976 A monograph of the genusProsopis (Leguminosae subfamMimosoideae). J. Arnold Arbo. Harv. Univ.57, 217–240 and57, 450–525.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Charreau, C. and Vidal, P. 1965 Influence de l'Acacia albida sur le sol, nutrition minerale et rendements des milsPennisetum au Senegal. L'Agron. Trop.20, 600–626.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Corby, H. D. L. 1971 The shape of leguminous nodules and the colour of leguminous roots. Plant and Soil Spec. Vol. 305–314.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dancette, C. and Poulain, J. F. 1969 Influence ofAcacia albida on pedoclimatic factors and crop yields. Afr. Soils14, 143–184.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Eskew, D. L. and Ting, I. P. 1978 Nitrogen fixation by legumes and blue-green algal-lichen crusts in a Colorado desert environment. Am. J. Bot.65, 850–856.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fischer, R. A. and Turner, N. C. 1978 Plant productivity in the arid and semi-arid zones. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol.39, 277–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gillier, P. 1960 La reconstitution et le maintien de la fertilite des sols du Senegal et le probleme des jacheres. Oleagineux15, 637–704.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Griffith, A. L. 1961Acacia andProsopis in the dry forests of the tropics. Mimeo, 149 pages FAO, Rome.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gupta, R. K. and Balera, S. G. 1972 Comparative studies on the germination, growth, and seedling biomass of two exotics in the Rajasthan desert. Indian For. 280–285.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Huss-Daniel, K. 1978 Nitrogenase activity measurements in intact plants ofAlnus incana. Physiol. Plant.43, 372–376.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mahon, J. D. 1977 Respiration and the energy requirement for nitrogen fixation in nodulated pea roots. Plant. Physiol.60, 817–821.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Meinzer, O. E. 1927 Plants as indicators of ground water. pp. 43–54. Water supply paper 577, U.S. Geol. Surv. Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Minchin, F. R., Huxley, P. A. and Summerfield, R. J. 1976 Effect of root temperature on growth and seed yield in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Exp. Agric.12, 279–288.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Parker, K. W. and Martin, S. G. 1952 The mesquite problem on the southern Arizona range. USDA Circ.968, 70 pages.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Paul, E. A., Meyers, R. J. K. and Rice, W. A. 1971 Nitrogen fixation in grassland and associated cultivated ecosystems. Plant and Soil Spec. Vol. 495–507.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Phillips, W. S. 1963 Depth of roots in Soil. Ecol.44, 424.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Summerfield, R. J., Huxley, P. A. and Minchin, F. R. 1977 Plant husbandry and management techniques for growing grain legumes under simulated tropical conditions in controlled environments. Exp. Agric.13, 81–92.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Thibodeau, P. S. and Jaworski, E. G. 1975 Patterns of nitrogen utilization in the soybean. Planta Berlin127, 133–147.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tiedemann, A. R. and Klemmedson, J. O. 1973 Nutrient availability in desert grassland soils under mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) trees and adjacent open areas. Soil. Sci. Am. Proc.37, 107–111.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Felker
    • 1
  • Peter R. Clark
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Soil and Environmental SciencesUniversity of California, RiversideRiverside

Personalised recommendations